Becoming Oregon: Letters by Author

Below is a list of the letters written to Asahel Bush II between 1851-1909, categorized by author. This first phase of the Becoming Oregon project has been funded through grants from the Oregon Heritage Commission and the Oregon Cultural Trust, and completed with the assistance of Diane Huddleston, James O’Shea, Christopher Pollard, Bob Speckman, and Ross Sutherland. In the coming years the Bush House Museum will continue adding to this webpage until all the letters to Asahel Bush II, during his years at the Oregon Statesman, are available online.

Titles in green are live links to PDFs containing 1930s transcriptions in addition to the original, handwritten letters. In some cases, only the transcription or the handwritten letter may be available. For high resolution samples of any files, please contact Ross Sutherland, Bush House Museum Director, at 503-363-4714 or ross@SalemArt.org.

Navigate by Author Name:

Butler P. Anderson
Jesse A. Applegate
William H. Barnhart
Reuben P. Boise
G.D.R. Boyd
William W. Bristow
Stephen F. Chadwick
George L. Curry
Matthew P. Deady
Joseph W. Drew
La Fayette F. Grover
Benjamin F. Harding
Edward S. Kearney
Nathaniel H. Lane
Orville C. Pratt
James M. Pyle
Delazon Smith


Butler P. Anderson

1851, May 13, Butler P. Anderson | Astoria, Oregon Territory
Anderson writes Bush with a report from “Van” about the community of Clatsop nominating candidates for the legislature and council.

1852, February 25, Butler P. Anderson | Astoria, Oregon Territory
Anderson writes Bush about the “Clatsop folks” complaining about being slandered in the Times, by a journalist named Waterman.

1855, September 7, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to ask about how much he now owes Bush and discusses his difficulty in making enough money to pay the loan. Anderson plans to get more involved in the local Democratic Party.

1855, September 28, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush with a proposal to write weekly correspondence for the Oregon Statesman during his stay in Washington, D.C. His salary would be paid by Bush as well as Waterman from the Times.

1855, November 15, Butler P. Anderson | Metropolitan Hotel
Anderson writes Bush to enclose his first correspondence and apologizes for it being a short letter.

1855, December 19, Butler P. Anderson | Washington, D.C.
Anderson writes Bush about debates in the U.S. House of Representatives.

1858, July 13, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush about publishing two notices of death for Anderson’s brother John. Anderson comments that Bush should run on the ticket with Joseph Lane.

1859, January 3, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush in response to an earlier letter and recommends a new printer who is “white.”

1859, January 14, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush about progress in setting up his own newspaper. Anderson mentions a printing press Bush offered to sell him and his estimation of when he can start publication.

1859, February 16, Butler P. Anderson | Port Townsend, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to explain in detail the division in his local Council over the office of Printer. General Miller is taking over the council by getting men who owed him money elected and using their loyalty to dictate policy.

1859, March 8, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush about his difficulties raising money for his newspaper. Anderson also mentions that the Democrats are particularly weak in his area and controlled by a small minority, and that he is “too poor to fight patronage and have no chance to expose inequity.”

1859, May 12, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush explaining why he isn’t moving back to Oregon, since Anderson thinks the Washington Territory “will not always be ridden by humbugs and gasbags.”

1860, February 5, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to correct his count of the Democratic membership of the legislature and other political comments.

1860, March 1, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to tell him about his appointment to United States District Attorney for Washington Territory, the candidates for Territorial Delegate and his continuing trouble starting a newspaper.

1860, March 6, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to about Selucius Garfielde and to discuss his future political plans in the Washington Territory. Anderson shares his plan to defeat dishonest candidates in the primary by preventing “Indian agents, P.M.’s, Deputy U.S. Surveyors & such” from representing any county at the convention.

1860, June 2, Butler P. Anderson | Portland, Oregon
Anderson writes Bush to relay his optimism about the Democratic ticket in Washington, and discusses Selucius Garfielde as a congressional nominee. Anderson chides Bush for placing a “Domestic Items” column in the Oregon Statesman.

1861, February 10, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to thank him for defending his friend Smith in the Oregon Statesman who is on trial for murder in California. Anderson criticizes Bush and the Oregon Statesman for its pro-Union politics since Lincoln was elected.


Jesse A. Applegate

1851, November 8, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory | Private Letter
Applegate asks Bush to anonymously publish his opinion piece, advocating for the immediate division of the Oregon Territory. Applegate suggests that the Territory’s residents should elect their leaders rather than having them “imposed” by the Federal Government.

1851, November 10, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | Mollala Settlement, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Applegate writes Bush to point out a serious error in a letter from John B. Preston, Surveyor General, published in the August 19, 1851 Oregon Spectator. Rather than each land claimant marking the corners and lines of their land claims as part of a future land survey, the letter should have stated the Deputy Surveyors would complete this task. Applegate signs the letter Pierre Piout.

1851, November 16, Jesse A. Applegate | Champoeg, Marion County, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Applegate write Bush to compare the current leadership structure of the Oregon Territory to the British Colonial System which helped spark the American Revolutionary War. He advocates for self governance of the territory and signs the letter An Old Oregonian.

1851, November 25, Jesse A. Applegate | Champoeg, Marion County, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Applegate writes Bush to suggest remedies for the defects in the Territorial Government. His list includes dividing the Territory along the Columbia River, restoring the rights of citizens, filling leadership roles with Territory residents and other measures. Applegate signs the letter An Old Oregonian.

1852, January 10, Jesse A. Applegate | Mollala Settlement, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Applegate writes Bush to discuss the publication of his November 10, 1851 letter in the Oregon Statesman regarding land surveys. He describes the land claim process in Oregon and advocates for informal local boundary setting rather than formal and costly surveying of lands. Applegate signs the letter Pierre Piout. 

1852, February 16, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Applegate write Bush to comment on the need for more accurate land surveys in Portland and Oregon City with less formal surveys adequate in more rural areas. Applegate discusses the challenges to recent settlers who are required to provide documents which prove they are citizens or are married.

1852, April 25, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Applegate writes Bush to request replacement copies of the April 13, 1852 Oregon Statesmen since the original shipment of newspapers never arrived. He encourages Bush to begin writing about the establishment of a responsive state government and mentions “Peter Piout.”

1853, February 13, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Applegate writes Bush with three dollars for the past due account of Henry Christian and mentions that the February 5, 1853 newspapers never arrived.

1854, April, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | Written to John B. Preston & Charles K. Gardiner, Surveyor Generals of the Territories of Oregon and Washington | Original Letter Undated
Applegate writes to the Surveyor Generals regarding a notice they published in the April 22, 1854 Oregonian on the surveying of land claims. He makes a case that the land holders have already had their claims sufficiently documented and a second survey is not necessary. He accuses the Surveyor Generals of trying to “fleece” citizens and signs the letter The Settler.

1855, November 18, Jesse A. Applegate | Umpqua County, Oregon Territory
Applegate writes Bush to defend Louis, who is of Klickitat and French descent, against charges of “base treachery” a serious act of deception. He describes Louis’ military service in wars with nearby tribes and compares the attack against him to the “fanatics in the days of Salem witchcraft”. 

1858, March 1, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Applegate writes Bush with three dollars for the past due account of John Long.

1859, April 28, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon | Private Letter
Applegate writes Bush to discuss how Bush presented the Republican proceedings in a recent edition of the Oregon Statesman. He comments rather cryptically on the Stephen Douglas and the upcoming Democratic Convention in Charleston, South Carolina on April 23, 1860.

1860, February to April, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | Original Letter Undated
Applegate writes Bush about having La Fayette Grover to run for Senator and David Logan to run for the House of Representatives. The letter mentions the February 23 Senate debate and the Democratic Convention which was held in Charleston, South Carolina on April 23, 1860. Applegate signs the letter Incognito.

1860, February to April, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | page 2-6 | Original Letter Undated
Applegate writes Bush with a history of the debates on slavery and secession, from the Compromise of 1850 to the Territorial Legislature passing a bill to abolish slavery in Kansas on February 23, 1860. Applegate signs the letter Incognito.

1860-1861, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | page 2 only | Original Letter Undated
Applegate writes Bush about Applegate’s opposition to slavery and his hope that Oregon with remain a free state. Senator Albert G. Brown, referenced in this letter, withdrew from office on January 12, 1861. Applegate signs the letter Incognito.

1863, May 17, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon, Oregon Territory
Applegate lets Bush know that Senator Nesmith’s letter has been returned and Nesmith will be unhappy with Applegate and Bush over the way the letter was edited for publication. Bush also sends Applegate a copy of Nesmith’s speech who responds with a story about a stolen letter published in the Mountaineer.


William H. Barnhart

1852, August 9, William H. Barnhart | Acapulco, Mexico
Barnhart writes Bush about his plan to have the body of Samuel Thurston, a notable Oregon politician, exhumed from Acapulco, Mexico and buried in Oregon. Barnhart briefly describes the danger of getting from Oregon to the Atlantic coast. Thurston’s body was buried in the Salem Pioneer Cemetery on April 12, 1853.

1854, March 28, William H. Barnhart | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Barnhart sends Bush a letter ahead of Barnhart’s arrival in Salem. Barnhart asks Bush cover a $1,500 loan should the loan come due before Barnhart arrives in town.

1856, April 12, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon Territory
Barnhart writes Bush about notable travelers on the Steamer Columbia. Barnhart comments that public sentiment in California regarding the Yakima Indian War has changed.

1856, May 1, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon Territory | Head Quarters Yakima Indian War
Barnhart writes Bush that there isn’t any news and asks him to publish the writing of Repper in the Oregon Statesman.

1859, June 1, William H. Barnhart | Salem, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush stating that Barnhart’s comments about Delazon Smith weren’t an exaggeration. Bush’s reply is attached to the original letter.

1859, June 18, William H. Barnhart | Excerpt from Major Barnhart’s speech Delivered at Salem
Barnhart uses the opening of his speech to address criticisms levied by General Lane and Delazon Smith.

1860, January 1, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon | Private Letter
Barnhart writes Bush, using the pen name “The Major”, to submit an editorial called “Dennis & the Ry”. Barnhart says he can’t publicly write for the Oregon Statesman because of his current position and indicates that one of the characters in his editorial is Reed of Jacksonville.

1860, February 18, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush to tell him about mutual friends he has seen in Vancouver.

1860, March 6, William H. Barnhart | San Francisco, California
Barnhart writes Bush to update him about General Lane’s efforts to have Nesmith’s account suspended.

1860, April 25, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush to tell him about Russell, and to advise him about Nesmith’s political battles.

1860, April 29, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush to detail Colonel Shirls’s debate with David Logan at Stewart’s Theatre. The event was hosted by the Lane Society.

1860, May 9, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush about various political speakers in Oregon.

May 22, William H. Barnhart, Oregon City, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush regarding meeting Vic Trevitt. Barnhart discusses strategies for “balancing the Democratic Ticket” for the upcoming convention in South Carolina.

1860, October 4, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush to about the Democratic victory in the state. Aside from the election, Barnhart provides an overview of current Portland and Dallas politics as well as travelers leaving for Salem.

1860, December 27, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon

1893, March 24, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush and insults “your dilapidated friend” N.B. Whitfield. Barnhart mentions the death of Matthew Deady will put a case in front of Billings.


Reuben P. Boise

1851, March 27, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about sending more Oregon Statesman newspapers to distribute in Portland. Boise comments about Thomas J. Dryer’s dislike of Bush.

1851, March 28, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise warns Bush about a possible visit from Thomas J. Dryer who has a “revolver in his pocket”. Dryer wants an explanation for some things that Bush has printed about him in the Oregon Statesman.

1851, April 9, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about Thomas J. Dryer’s immature behavior and jokes about Oregon City residents shouting “God Save the Queen” now that John McLoughlin is mayor.

1851, April 11, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about a fight between two sailors on the Steamer Goliath. Boise comments on Thomas J. Dryer’s public pronouncement about having better regulations in the Oregon Territory if he were King.

1851, April 18, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about William Keen shooting of a man named Cook at the gambling house of Job McNamee. Boise comments on Thomas J. Dryer’s continued threats to Bush and has purchased a pistol for Bush to help protect himself.

1851, May 26, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about missing an upcoming trip to the Cascades but can go after the election. Boise mentions Thomas J. Dryer’s “silly lies” about the King.

1852, February 29, Reuben P. Boise | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about the likelihood of a change of venue for his case. Boise describes a meeting at Hillsborough where Matthew Deady gave a “first rate speech”.

1853, January 7, Reuben P. Boise | Nesmith Mills, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about becoming a commissioner so he can help revise current laws. Boise discusses about the politics of being elected and mentions two feet of snow in the area.

1855, February 13, Reuben P. Boise | Nesmith Hills, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about Mrs. Boise naming their new son Fisher Ames. Boise comments on the election for Territorial Printer

1855, August 28, Reuben P. Boise | Dallas, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush a brief statement about the capitol returning to “Moran” County. Boise described Delazon Smith’s involvement with the state government question and advocates a vote of the people to decide to hold a constitutional convention or not.

1856, August 7, Reuben P. Boise | Dallas, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about him hiring a girl for $3 per week.


G.D.R. Boyd

1853, October 24, G. D. R. Boyd | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes Bush about speaking to members of the Oregon Territory legislature to amend the Penitentiary law. Boyd is keeping three prisoners without a salary or funds for expenses.

1853, October 25, G. D. R. Boyd | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes Bush about an open letter against the legislature suspending work on the penitentiary to be published in the Commercial newspaper. Boyd tells Bush that he is about to run for clerk and that he expects to win.

1853, November 4, G. D. R. Boyd | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes to Bush about the need for a state penitentiary and comments on candidates in the coming election. Boyd attacks the Whigs, “for in their thirst for office they would even betray their God”.

1855, June 17, G. D. R. Boyd | Scottsburg, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes to Bush asking for a shipment of black ink to print his newspaper.

1855, September 9, G. D. R. Boyd | Scottsburg, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes to Bush about the failure of H. S. Jacobs to pay him money owned Bush. Boyd was a longtime Democrat who is facing criticism from Peter & Leland. 

1855, November 5, G. D. R. Boyd | Canyonville, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
A friend of Boyd’s named Canyon writes to Bush updating him on an odd story involving “a crazy man by the name of Parkinson” who is soliciting subscriptions for the Oregonian newspaper. Boyd describes activities in the Graves Creek area regarding “wars and rumors of wars.”

1856, May 15, G. D. R. Boyd | Empire City, Coos County, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes to Bush as he waits at the Oregon coast for a ship to San Francisco. Boyd describes the stories of various political appointments.


William W. Bristow

1855, November 15, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about payment for E. Elliott’s subscription to the Oregon Statesman and cancelling the delivery to Mr. Keiney.

1856, March 16, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes a cryptic letter to Bush citing an article on the “massacre of Ben Right”.

1856, April 19, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon Territory | Private
Bristow writes Bush to share information on the “Know Nothing” party, and how to weaken them in the legislature.

1857, April 4, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon Territory
Bristow writes Bush about subscription payments for Michael Shelley, James L. Lyon and William Bridgewater who lives in Carthage Illinois.

1858, June 21, William W. Bristow | Lane County, Oregon Territory
Bristow writes to Bush about a successful political rally and claims to have been slandered by his political opponents.

1859, March 3, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow sends Bush a letter from Joseph Lane and mentions the election of Delazon Smith and La Fayette Grover.

1859, April 11, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush with a detailed description of the politics of the 1859 Oregon Democratic Convention.

1859, August 18, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush to discuss the possible resignation of Joseph Lane. Bristow advocates apportioning convention representatives the same way the State Legislative Assembly apportions their members.

1859, November 17, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush to inform him about the county’s Democratic convention and legislative successes. Bristow also comments on a surveying contract to S. Therrin.

1860, January 26, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes to Bush laying out the structure of local political factions from the Nesmith to the Delazonians.

1860, February 15, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush about a subscription to the Oregon Statesman for Blasingim Rutledge.

1860, February 23, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon| Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about local political gossip and subscriptions to the Oregon Statesman.

1860, February 26, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon | Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about a subscription to the Oregon Statesman for Charles McClure.

1860, March 15, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon| Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about “Block” [Brock?] being the Presidential Elector and still making up his mind on the slavery issue for Oregon.

1860, March 17, William W. Bristow | Eugene City, Oregon
Bristow writes to Bush to update him on Brock who is a candidate for Presidential Elector and the resignation of Senator A. B. Florence.

1860, April 19, W. William Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon | Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about the Oregon Democratic Convention mixing the political ticket.

1860, May 25, William W. Bristow | Eugene City, Oregon
Bristow tells Bush about the death of Colonel William M. Stevens while trying to rope a wild horse. Bristow mentions the elections and “Should you and your friends fail to beat Lane & Smith even though you break the quorum or elect republicans, you shall have our eternal condemnation”.

1860, June 21, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush requesting he publish a letter to James F. Gazley after Bush rewrites it. Bristow is questioning the Constitutionality of the Seat of Government Bill.

1860, June 21, William W. Bristow to Senator Jason F. Gazley |Lane County, Oregon | Letter to the Editor
Bristow sarcastically responds to accusations by Oregon Senator James F. Gazley point by point.

1862, December 12, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon | Private
Bristow writes to Bush about local gossip and the difficulty of rebuilding the Democratic party during/after the war.


Stephen F. Chadwick

1852, April 24, Stephen F. Chadwick | Scottsburg, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes Bush about leaving San Francisco before securing an engraving, or “cut”. Chadwick comments on a political meeting in Umpqua City and criticizes Jesse Applegate and the Whigs.

1856, February 20, Stephen F. Chadwick
Chadwick writes Bush about the appointment of Carter as Receiver over Lawson.

1856, July 26, Stephen F. Chadwick | Private
Chadwick writes Bush to discuss the start of the Rogue River War in Southern Oregon and asks if he can have a column in the newspaper to publish his perspective.

1857, April 2, Stephen F. Chadwick | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes Bush to introduce James M. Pyle who is visiting Salem as a delegate to the Oregon Constitutional Convention.

1857, September 21, Stephen F. Chadwick
Chadwick writes Bush asking him to remind La Fayette Grover to sign Chadwick’s name on the Oregon Constitution since he is out of town.

1857, December 29, Stephen F. Chadwick | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes Bush to introduce Richard Smith who is visiting Salem on business.

1858, May 19, Stephen F. Chadwick | Umpqua County, Oregon Territory | Private
Chadwick writes Bush with an update on Chadwick’s efforts to have Bush elected Oregon Territorial Printer.

1858, May 27, Stephen F. Chadwick | Winchester, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes Bush to update him on the campaign for Oregon Territorial Printer.

1859, October 28, Stephen F. Chadwick to Beggs? | Eugene City, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes William J. Beggs, Assistant Editor or the Oregon Statesman, discussing the “foreign vote.”

1860, January 1, Stephen F. Chadwick | Roseburg, Douglas County, Oregon
Chadwick writes Bush asking if there is any way to get the “platform of principles” from the Democrat’s Cincinnati Platform “before the people.”

1860, February 2, Stephen F. Chadwick | Locust Grove, Umpqua County, Oregon | Private
Chadwick writes Bush concerning a Letter to the Editor, published January 10, 1860, which criticized the Scottsburg post office for delaying newspapers.



George L. Curry

1853, May 23, George L. Curry | Oregon Territory’s Secretary’s Office | Salem, Oregon Territory
Curry writes Bush about a manuscript copy of the House Journal left at Hamilton’s office and the upcoming election. Curry advises Bush against betting on Joseph Lane to win.

1855, March 20, George L. Curry | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
Curry writes Bush to update him on Joseph Lane’s campaign and candidate support in Clackamas County.

1855, September 15, George L. Curry | At Home, Among the Fern
Curry writes Bush about the political impact of the “nonremoval of Gardiner.” Curry mentions the guns and revolvers being shipped to the Oregon Territory and the submission of a Constitution to the people in the territory.

1855, October 23, George L. Curry | Portland, Oregon Territory
Curry briefly writes Bush about publishing General Orders 10 in the Oregon Statesman.

1855, November 10, George L. Curry | Portland, Oregon Territory
Curry updates Bush on the appointment of Dr. Danforth as Assistant Surgeon instead of Dr. McKeeney.

1856, June 20, George L. Curry | Portland, Oregon Territory
Curry writes Bush a hurried letter about Curry’s conversations with Prescott in Oregon City.

1856, August 18, George L. Curry | Washington
Curry writes Bush to discuss Rogue River War claims and a letter from Judge Williams.

1857, April 2, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about publishing an advertisement and the difficulties with Bush’s campaign for State Printer.

1858, January 21, George L. Curry | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
Curry asks Bush to send his message to the Assembly on to the Auditor’s Office.

1858, February 17, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about calling the Democrats together for a county convention and attending to McCune’s appointment as Notary Public.

1859, February 21, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about a newspaper subscription payment from Joseph Lane.

1860, January 2, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about an address change when sending Mrs. F. A. Drovin’s Oregon Statesman to Philadelphia.

1860, June 27, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about an address change when sending Mrs. F. A. Drovin’s Oregon Statesman to Philadelphia.

1860, December 29, George L. Curry | Portland, Oregon
Curry writes Bush about a printing bill and an address change for his copy of the Oregon Statesman.


Matthew P. Deady

1851, April 17, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush with a list of subscribers.

1851, May 4, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush and comments on various newspapers and his campaign.

1851, May 23, Matthew P. Deady | Jacob Hawns
Deady writes Bush about his hopes for the upcoming election and optimism about the Oregon Statesman.

1851, May 28, Matthew P. Deady | Butteville, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about his campaign and travels.

1851, June 16, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about travelling, camping, and comments on a few of the people he met.

1851, July 2, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush, while drunk in the middle of the night, to complain about some of Bush’s writing, then local politics. The second half of the letter is written the next morning to apologize, continue writing about local politics, and lastly subscribers.

1851, July 14, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to send in two advertisements on for Dr. Odell and another for Deady.

1851, September 26, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady sends Bush three large peaches and encloses a communication about C. Walker and treaty matters. (Communication missing)

1851, October 8, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady asks Bush to write more and update him on arbitration between T. Carter and A. I. Hembree.

1851, October 12, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady encloses a communication to Bush extending the right of suffrage to men over eighteen. (Communication missing)

1851, October 20, Matthew P. Deady | D. Wilcox’s Studio | Hillsborough, Oregon Territory
Deady encloses a letter to Bush under the pen name “Uncle Ned”, and responds for Judge Pratt to Bush. (Letter missing)

1852, March 11, Matthew P. Deady | Albany, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on correspondence and his travels.

1852, March 23, Matthew P. Deady | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about a meeting to deal with “present Territorial difficulties” and comments on the establishment of a Whig Party.

1852, April 12, Matthew P. Deady | Nesmith Hills, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the local court system and legislature.

1852, August 4, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about his court cases including a Polk County man named Wimple who murdered his wife.

1852, August 9, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush update him on the Wimple murder trial and local politics.

1852, August 28, Matthew P. Deady | Nesmith
Deady writes Bush about Wimple’s escape from jail.

1852, September 20, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on local politics.

1852, October 20, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush a detailed description of local postal routes and mentions the “Seat of Government” question.

1853, January 19, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush a cryptic letter about various political topics.

1853, January 21, Matthew P. Deady to General Lane | Salem, Oregon Territory
Deady send Bush a copy of his letter to General Lane about replacing the Lafayette Post Master with Warner Breyman. Deady discusses the Democratic Assembly recommending General Palmer for Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Deady comment on the Whig’s political influence on “soft democrats”.

1853, January 31, Matthew P. Deady to General Lane | Salem, Oregon Territory
Deady send Bush a copy of his letter to General Lane recommending Dr. Richard I. White as Consul American for “one of the ports of South America or of Mexico”.

1853, February 10, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about being supported by the Whigs as a delegate.

1853, April 25, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about a legal dispute over the Provisional Government’s Cayuse Army and mentions various candidates.

1853, June 1, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the publication of some private letters to Bush in the Oregonian. “For God’s sake, as soon as you read my scrawls burn them”.

1853, July 16, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about several legal cases, and updates him on personal business.

1853, September 12, Matthew P. Deady | Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about his court cases and updates Bush about the news of mutual friends.

1853, November 4, Matthew P. Deady | Marysville, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about mutual acquaintances and his ideas for the state Democrats.

1853, November 20, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about purchasing farm with Foster, local politics and his thoughts on the Union.

1853, November 27, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about a subscriber to the Oregon Statesman in Michigan and replacing Judge Olney. Deady comments on Lane’s performance in office.

1854, February 1, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush with an advertisement and some cash.

1854, May 12, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about local politics and mentions the Constitution question. Deady asks Bush to learn more about the cause of his removal.

1854, September 26, Matthew P. Deady | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about financial matters. Deady mentions Bush meeting Oliver C. Pratt in 1853 and supporting the nomination of General Lane over Deady.

1854, September 30, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about a letter Deady received with a note about Bush’s dislike of General Lane and Oliver C. Pratt’s candidacy.

1854, October 15, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to say he “cares nothing” about Bush’s statements to Oliver C. Pratt in 1853 regarding Deady’s nomination. Deady mentions Applegate’s difficulties with scandal, as well as Pratty & General Lane each announcing themselves as the Democratic candidate without a contest.

1854, October 23, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to apologize for his “bit of fun” in an earlier letter that angered Bush. Deady will find out what Oliver C. Pratt thinks of Bush.

1854, November 18, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about having an evening with “a galaxy of notorious men”, D. B. Brannan, A. C. Gibbs, Cleason, Smith, and Oliver C. Pratt. He also sends a court calendar for Jacksonville.

1854, November 24, Matthew P. Deady | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about court and local politics. Deady mentions a drunken man named Logan who threatened to shoot Deady and J. W. Drew. He also comments on Pratt’s electioneering in Jacksonville and Applegate is being charged with “all sorts of derelictions of duty”.

1855, March 4, Matthew P. Deady | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Deady writes to Bush to update him on Pratt’s support in various counties.

1855, March 7, Matthew P. Deady | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about “the delegate question” and the debates of various candidates.

1855, March 15, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about Pratt’s political campaign and other local politics.

1855, March 20, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the “Gazley Controversy” which involved the sexual assault of a Native American woman. Comments on Oliver C. Pratt’s letters to fellow candidate Stratton.

1855, March 27, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady sends Bush a letter from Palmer to Martin about Lane.

1855, April 29, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the convention in Deer Creek and other political news.

1855, May 7, Matthew P. Deady | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on Territorial politics and criticizes local Whigs for switching their stance on the Kansas/Nebraska Act.

1855, June 5, Matthew P. Deady | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the results of the Territorial election in Umpqua County and anticipates a close victory for the Democrats.

1855, August 24, Matthew P. Deady | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to tell him about a trial.

1855, October 30, Matthew P. Deady | Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the build-up for a war against a local tribe at Deer Creek. He comments on the future.

1855, November 1, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the Deer Creek conflict with the local Tribes.

1855, November 20, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes to tell Bush about local politics and the Deer Creek conflict, mostly dealing with individual officer appointments and concerns about taking local militiamen too far away from their homes.

1856, January 2, Matthew P. Deady | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on in travels around the state and gossip between their acquaintances and local politicians.

1856, January 21, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about local and national politics. Mentions a rumor that the Oregon Statehouse was burned “by an incendiary in the interest of Corvallis”.

1856, February 22, Matthew P. Deady letter to Boise Rueben | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Boise to update him on the ongoing Territorial war in the north, and to complain about Oregonian political intrigue. In particular complains about the hostage-taking political tactics of Jackson County which repeatedly threaten to secede from the state if their demands aren’t followed.

1856, March 4, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to talk about Territorial and national politics. Mentions his support for Franklin Pierce for the Democratic nomination for President in 1856.

1856, March 24, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on militia officers’ appointments and congratulates him on having a “wee Bush”, his first child Estelle (1856-1942).

1856, May 7, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to comment on State politics, which is split on the issue of the war and General Lane. Deady updates Bush on mutual friends and assures him that his support hasn’t been hurt much by publishing something Deady refers to as the “Lane Litany”.

1856, May 11, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on the war, commenting on the large cost in terms of equipment and morale issues.

1856, July 2, Matthew P. Deady | Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes to Bush to tell him about a wedding and a mutual friend in Corvallis.

1856, July 5, Matthew P. Deady | On Board Steamer
Deady writes Bush some notes “jotted down on the head of a whiskey cask”.

1856, September 20, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush enclosing notes he took on a meeting in Portland about the sale of government property.

1856, November 17, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush respond to Bush considering selling the Oregon Statesman, suggesting which of their friends would be able to run it. He then updates Bush on local court cases as well as mutual friends.

1856, December 18, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on local political rumors and the activities of mutual friends, referring to their political group as “the Clique”. Briefly talks about his fears about fair weather Democrats if James Buchanan wins the Presidency.

1857, February 9, Matthew P. Deady | Eugene, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to discuss some political rumors about the Salem Clique. In particular, a few mutual acquaintances accuse them of political fixing and publishing false statements in the Oregon Statesman. Deady is also shocked by a rumor that Bush is an abolitionist.

1857, March 27, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to discuss their political strategy and Lane’s nomination by Oregon Democrats. Deady presided over a local convention where Lane was nominated.

1857, July 14, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the Salem Clique behaving in a way “unbecoming the rulers and leaders of a grave and earnest people.” After discussing some mutual acquaintances, he complains about General Lane arguing for slavery in Oregon.

1858, January 27, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to make some suggestions for nominations in the spring, to express his support for Bush winning Territorial Printer, and to argue for Kansas’ right to come into the Union as a slave state.

1858, March 7, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to complain about Stephen A. Douglas and his supporters in the Democratic Party. Deady is worried about losing his next race for Judge and shares some local political gossip.

1858, March 17, Matthew P. Deady | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to ask him to visit the south and to update Deady on his race for Judge.

1858, May 7, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to tell him about positive reactions to Bush’s campaign for Territorial Printer and updates him on the other elections around the territory.

1858, June 11, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to tell him he thinks Bush won the election for Territorial Printer.

1859, April 3, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about legal issues relating to Territorial Judges and a bit about the Winchester Convention.

1862, August 7, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about some “Hangins” and a story about Nesmith trying to figure out who wrote an article in the Albany Enquirer newspaper.

1862, October 25, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to send him a book and a correspondence for the paper.

1862, November 29, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to discuss some errors in the Territory’s legal code and about his legal cases.

1863, January 2, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him about a rival named Holbrook who is trying to get rid of many of the Federal appointees in Oregon with no real success.

1863, January 10, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him about an awkward meeting with another judge and a court case where the defendant claimed he was being targeted because he was a Democrat

1863, January 20, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to ask for help indexing Oregon’s legal codes.

1863, January 22, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about paying a Dr. Hawthorne in gold rather than paper money.

1863, February 6, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to update him about progress on the Oregon legal code index and local events.

1863, February 12, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to stop publishing his letters under an alias and the activities of Judge Shafer.

1863, February 18, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to discuss mutual friends and feuds between Bush and friend’s of Deady which he wants settled. Deady also complains about the illegibility of Bush’s handwriting.

1863, March 2, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him he finished the Oregon legal code index and to agree with a friend that the Emancipation Proclamation will make little difference poor blacks.

1863, March 4, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him about conversations regarding the Oregonian newspaper leaning Republican and a local education issue.

1863, March 13, Matthew P. Deady
Deady writes Bush for a job writing for the Oregon Statesman since he is prohibited from practicing law and has “forgotten the welding art”.

1863, March 17, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about finding out about Deady’s brother Joseph.

1863, April 18, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about the Oregonian newspaper, Portland political gossip, and a Salem town council meeting.

1863, July 27, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to discuss Eugenia’s serious illness and how much Bush’s wife should be told. Deady also mentions his dislike for M, a “mean cowardly sneaking plebeian demagogue”.

1863, July 30, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him that he is sending lemons and limes for his wife Eugenia’s health and includes Deady’s recipe for a citric acid based lemonade.

1889, April 21, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush and reminisces about the “the war of rebellion” which Deady prefers over Civil War. Deady encourages Bush to attend the celebration in Portland on the 30th and ends saying, “You are the only one left above ground. Please come.”

1889, 04-29, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about correspondence to the Oregon Statesman from 1861-1862. Deady thanks Bush for “thawing out” their friendship after 29 years.


Joseph W. Drew

1855, May 7, J.W. Drew | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Drew writes Bush a detailed description of the Democrat’s plans for the upcoming Territorial election with comments on various politicians in Oregon.

1855, August 18, J.W. Drew | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Drew writes Bush about the break up of the “old set” that controlled Jackson County.

1855, September 19, J.W. Drew | Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Drew writes Bush apologize for a letter containing a “few plain words relative to your candidate for President” that upset Bush. Drew updates Bush on the activities of mutual friends in the Oregon Territory.

1855, October 11, J.W. Drew
Drew writes to update Bush on men traveling south from Deer Creek to fight in the Rogue River Wars.

1855, November 15, J.W. Drew | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Drew writes Bush about the election of officers and his disappointment over so many Know Nothings becoming Captains.

1859, February 15, J.W. Drew | Corvallis, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about seeing Nathaniel Lane during a trip to Albany. After getting drunk, Lane says he “weeps nights” over the controversy between the Oregon Statesman and Lanes’ father, Joseph Lane.

1859, June 18, J.W. Drew | Eugene City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about elections in Jackson and Josephine Counties and the 1860 Democratic ticket in Oregon. Joseph Teal has purchased $800 worth of goods from Meyer & Co. in Portland using Bush’s “Indian script.”

1859, August 15, J.W. Drew | Umpqua City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about state politics regarding the election of delegates to the 1860 Democratic convention in Charleston, South Carolina. Drew discusses script claims and the firearms stored at the Court House.

1859, August 29, J.W. Drew | Umpqua City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about electing Democrats to state offices and efforts to “remove the Indians” from the Umpqua area. 

1859, September 20, J.W. Drew | Umpqua City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush regarding a paid advertisement in the Oregon Statesman for Dr. Quinan.

1859, October 10, J.W. Drew to William J. Beggs | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes William J. Beggs, assistant editor of the Oregon Statesman, about politics in various Oregon counties and the Umpqua area.

1859, October 18, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about the cost of travel to the Eugene City Convention and the closing of the Umpqua Indian Agency.

1859, October 25, J.W. Drew | Umpqua City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about various delegates attending the Eugene City Convention in Eugene on November 16, 1859 and questionable payments to Malone.

1859, November 15, J.W. Drew | Scottsburg, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about not attending the Eugene City Convention. He mentions support for Stephen A. Douglas for President at the Empire City Convention from Umpqua, Coos, Curry and Josephine counties.

1859, December 24, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about political factions among Oregon’s Democrats.

1860, January 3, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about Democratic candidates around the state and Drew’s “streak of bad luck”.

1860, January 16, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush assuring him that the post masters at Scottsburg and Oakland are not delaying the delivery of the Oregon Statesman on purpose. Drew details J. B. Sykes, the “new Indian Agent’s” dislike of Bush, presidential hopeful Stephen A. Douglas and the Oregon Statesman.

1860, March 11, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush speculating on the Eugene City Convention and to ask Bush for his thoughts on “the action proposed to be taken relative to the coming of June election” (sic).

1860, March 20, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about J. B. Skyes, Indian Agent, being instructed by Geary and Land to remove the “Indians from Fort Umpqua (where they have resided peaceably since the first settlement of the country.).” This relocation violates an 1855 treaty and Drew predicts “military force will be required”.

1860, April 9, J.W. Drew
Drew writes Bush with brief comments on local politics and to send a bill for advertising to Dr. Quinan who became the Assistant Surgeon on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco, California. This Army fort began receiving soldier-convicts in the early 1860s and became a military prison in 1907.

1860, May 21, J.W. Drew
Drew writes Bush about Stephen A. Douglas’ nomination at the Democratic Convention in Charleston, South Carolina and mentions several state candidates.

1860, June 4, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush with the election results for the precinct.

1860, June 14, J.W. Drew | Oakland, Oregon
Drew writes Bush a detailed description of the election of J. B. Tichenor in Coos County and Martin in Curry County as well as other state races.

1860, August 1, J.W. Drew | Eugene City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about Oregon Democrat’s perspectives on the candidacy of Stephen A. Douglas for President.

1860, August 4, J.W. Drew | Eugene City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about support for Stephen A. Douglas for President and talks with political allies.

1860, November 20, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush with word of Lincoln’s victory for President over Stephen A. Douglas and predicts the South “will bluster and threaten a great deal, but do nothing”.

1861, January 28, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about his plans for traveling to San Francisco where he will meet up with Bush.

1861, February 25, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush to share news about mutual friends.


La Fayette F. Grover

1855, October 14, La Fayette Grover | Salem, Oregon Territory
Grover writes Bush about preparations for the Yakima Indian War and a successful agricultural fair he attended.

1858, May 9, La Fayette Grover | Lebanon, Oregon Territory
Grover writes Bush about Delazon Smith’s encounter with a Republican candidate for Judge Condon.

1858, October 30, La Fayette Grover | Panama
Grover writes Bush about taking care of Delazon Smith, during an illness, on a stopover in Panama. Grover was on the way to Washington, D.C. and New York to see the President and others.

1858, November 15, La Fayette Grover | New York City, New York | Private
Grover writes Bush about his arrival in New York, visiting with William S. Ladd in Panama and various people he has visited.

1858, December 4, La Fayette Grover | New York City, New York | Private
Grover writes Bush about the various people he has visited and observes, “I do not think the north will oppose our admission as a state, except in case of extreme men of the abolition school.”

1859, January 17, La Fayette Grover | Washington, D.C.
Grover writes to inform Bush that Oregon had not yet been admitted as a state, and accidentally slighting Colonel Kinney while in Victoria.

1859, January 18, La Fayette Grover | Washington, D.C.
Grover writes Bush about E. Hibben who General Lane hired as editor of the Times newspaper in Portland. Grover encourages Bush to move the Oregon Statesman to Portland and become a “grand Portland paper”.

1859, February 17, La Fayette Grover | Washington, D.C. | Private
Grover writes Bush that General Lane was not the reason Oregon was not granted statehood at the last session of Congress. Grover also describes various politicians’ support for General Lane.

1859, March 5, La Fayette Grover | Washington, D.C.
Grover writes Bush describing the settlement of Indian War debt and funds for establishing U. S. Courts in Oregon. Congress approved $100,000 for a road from Walla Walla, Washington to “Upper Minni” which will become the principal migration route to Oregon and Washington. Grover describes his unexpected friendship with Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia.

1887, January 1, La Fayette Grover | Portland, Oregon
Grover writes Bush to thank him for allowing him to pay off a loan with a piece of property in Portland.

1887, January 7, La Fayette Grover | Portland, Oregon
Grover writes Bush with a description of the property he is transferring to Bush to cover a loan balance.

1909, November 26, La Fayette Grover | Portland, Oregon
Grover writes Bush to thank him for sending a 12 pound turkey via Wells Fargo Express for Thanksgiving.


Benjamin F. Harding

1851, April 11, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding sends Bush a list of current and new subscribers to the Oregon Statesman.

1851, May 25, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory | In Good Confidence
Harding writes Bush about the success of a recent convention.

1851, August 20, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory | In Faith and Confidence
Harding writes Bush about Judge Pratt and some uncompleted Territorial business along with a Bill that may be contrary to the Organic Laws.

1851, October 23, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory | Confidence
Harding writes Bush about relocating the Oregon Statesman to Salem.

1852, February 18, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush with a copy of a humorous letter from John P Gaines, Governor of the Oregon Territory, to John D. Boon, Oregon Territorial Treasurer.

1853, April 5, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush with a detailed description of the recent Democrat’s County Convention.

1855, May 21, Benjamin F. Harding | At Home, Marion County, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush about an Oregon Statesman subscription for Mr. Doty. 

1855, September 22, Harding, Benjamin F to Elisha Whittlesey, First Comptroller of the Treasury | Oregon Territorial Secretary’s Office | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes to Elisha Whittlesey about a payment due Bush for printing the 1854-1855 Statutes of Oregon following the loss of half of them when the Steamer Southerner sank.

1855, September 29, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush requesting instructions the removal of some library furniture.

1855, September 30, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush on his continuing efforts to pay him his Territorial Printer salary.

1863, November 1, Benjamin F. Harding | San Francisco, California
Harding writes Bush about his efforts to leave Oregon and the Oregon Statesman.

1888, July 8, Benjamin F. Harding | Cottage Grove, Lane County, Oregon
Harding writes Bush about a personal loan and mutual friends.

1888, September 1, Benjamin F. Harding | Cottage Grove, Lane County, Oregon
Harding writes Bush to congratulate him on having his own home.

1889, January 10, Benjamin F. Harding | Cottage Grove, Lane County, Oregon
Harding writes Bush about the success of Bush’s bank, and his health.


Edward S. Kearney

1858, May 15, Edward S. Kearney | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Kearney writes Bush about the election for Territorial Printer. Bush angered some voters by publishing three letters against the 1855 Rogue River War. Kearney is optimistic about Bush’s chances overall.

1860, February 5, Edward S. Kearney
Kearney briefly updates Bush on his about a few local Democrats and mutual acquaintances.

1860, March 1, Edward S. Kearney | Roseburg, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush about loaning $2,000 to David McLoughlin since Kearney is unable to make the loan. Kearney will write soon about events in Douglas County.

1860, March 7, Edward S. Kearney | Roseburg, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush with a thorough report about the political situation in Douglas County and the decline of the Lane faction.

1860, March 25, Edward S. Kearney | Jacksonville, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush about Delazon Smith and Colonel Nesmith as well as the dry weather.

1860, April 9, Edward S. Kearney | Jacksonville, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush about the loan to David McLoughlin, delegates heading to Eugene and the elections in Josephine County.

1860, May 19, Edward S. Kearney | San Francisco, California
Kearney writes Bush about Joseph Lane being “clear out of the ring” as a presidential candidate. Kearney encourages Bush to do what he can to get Nesmith elector a U.S. Senator.

1860, June 19, Edward S. Kearney | Washington City
Kearney writes Bush about the candidacy of Stephen A. Douglas and voting on the Tariff and War bills.

1860, July 20, Edward S. Kearney | New York City, New York
Kearney writes Bush about Lane’s ongoing campaign and Lane’s attempts to beat Douglass for the Democratic ticket. Kearney is pessimistic about his chances.

1860, July 20, Edward S. Kearney | New York City, New York
Kearney writes Bush about paying off a loan.

1860, August 28, Edward S. Kearney | Jacksonville, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush about William G. T’Vault’s debt and drinking and Thomas Pyle’s speeches abusing Bush.


Nathaniel H. Lane

1856, January 5, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about office lamps and mentions the December 29, 1855 burning of the Oregon State Capitol. “Some of “us” are glad the Capitol is burned because it is to our “Intrusts.” I am sorry because I regard it a Public loss . . .”

1856, April 6, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about some financial matters.

1856, April 14, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about John Vallely’s subscription to the Oregon Statesman and Avery Stile who does not support the creation of a state government.

1856, April 30, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush with little news.

1857, March 13, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush regarding newspaper business.

1857, April 1, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about paying off his Territorial tax.

1857, May 12, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane sends Bush $700 and little news.

1857, May 14, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about paying the balance of a note from John Baker for school lands.

1857, May 19, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush to request the printing of 800 tickets and mentions candidates canvassing the area.

1857, September 4, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane sends Bush $6 for advertising the estate of Isaac Foster. Lane is sick with hog distemper.

1857, October 30, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush admonishes Bush for bad bookkeeping and tells him to hire an accountant.

1858, April 7, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about a newspaper subscription for William P. Crow Starrs.

1858, May 16, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane sends Bush $160 and has little news but is politically optimistic.

1858, May 25, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane sends Bush $2 for publishing estray notices, requests some B. R. Tickets and mentions several local candidates.

1858, August 1, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane updates Bush on several debts and recommending a mutual friend for Post Master.

1859, January 16, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about paying down a debt.

1860, March 14, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about loaning Mr. Simmons $500 dollars for six months and vouches for him.

1860, March 27, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush vouching for Mr. Simmons and Mr. Scovil who have signed a note for $500.

1860, May 17, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about extending the payments on a loan due the next day.

1860, May 28, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about renegotiating his outstanding loan.

1860, November 15, Nathaniel H. Lane | Steamer Onward
Lane writes Bush to say to send his note to A. J. Thayer in Corvallis.



Orville C. Pratt

1851, October 3, Orville C. Pratt | Rickreall, Polk County, Oregon Territory | Strictly Confidential
Pratt writes Bush about the testimony of a “Mrs. T” in a trial in Marysville, now Corvallis.

1852, March 14, Orville C. Pratt | Albany, Linn County, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush about the courts in Linn and Marion Counties.

1852, March 23, Orville C. Pratt | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush about the court in the Umpqua valley, and an upcoming meeting when Jesse Applegate will propose political resolutions related to federal authority in the Territory.

1852, October 4, Orville C. Pratt | Washington, D.C.
Pratt writes Bush about convincing Mr. Whittlesby to support Bush for Territorial Printer.

1852, October 7, Orville C. Pratt to Sir? | Washington, D.C.
Pratt writes Sir? regarding Bush’s “difficulties” with the Territorial Secretary in collecting payment for services. The projects in include: printing the Laws and Journals of the Territory for the Legislative Session of 1850-1851; publishing the laws from the 1851-1852 session in the Oregon Statesman; incidental printing for the 1851-1852 legislature and printing the Laws and Journals of the Territory for the Legislative Session of 1851-1852.

1852, October 14, Orville C. Pratt to Ringham and Reynolds | New York City, New York
Pratt writes to “Messrs. Ringham and Reynolds” in San Francisco about a shipment of paper for Bush, arriving on the Erey Leather, which needs to be send on to Oregon.

1853, April 13, Orville C. Pratt | Dallas, Polk County, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush to correct subscriber errors for James Hetherly. Since Hetherly is a “good and sensible Democrat”, whose house is on the main road to the mines, Pratt encourages Bush to send him the Oregon Statesman so he can pass on the news to others.

1853, April 27, Orville C. Pratt
Pratt writes Bush requesting the March 21 edition of the New York Herald newspaper and the name of the Chief Justice of Washington Territory.

1853, July 9, Orville C. Pratt | Linn County, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush to publish an article in the Oregon Statesman to counter an assault on Pratt by the Oregonian newspaper.

1853, October 19, Orville C. Pratt | Linn County, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush to voice his opposition to the Oregonian newspaper exceeding its authority by publishing an advertisement for the U.S. Post Office. He details the political backstory of Deady’s removal from office.

1853, December 3, Orville C. Pratt | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush to let him know if he hears anything about a Treasury Warrant in favor of a Mr. Hess.

1854, February 14, Orville C. Pratt to the Honorable T. C. Washington | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush a letter of introduction to the Honorable T. C. Washington for a trip Bush is taking to Washington, D.C.

1854, September 10, Orville C. Pratt | Oregon City, Oregon Territory | Confidential
Pratt writes Bush to use the Oregon Statesman to respond to a Times newspaper article accusing Pratt of being expelled from the Military Academy.

1857, February 2, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush that California has exceeded its constitutional level of indebtedness and created an opportunity to make money by purchasing depreciated state bonds for later redemption.

1858, January 22, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California | Private
Pratt writes Bush to get an act passed “providing for payment of the judgment interest and costs obtained against the Territory in the winter of 1855 in favor of Joaquin Young” which is owed Pratt.

1858, July 14, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush about the failure of the U.S. House of Representatives to act on the Senate bill admitting Oregon to the Union. Pratt comments on people flooding out of California heading north to the gold mines.

1858, August 18, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush for a copy of the Oregon State Constitution to inform clients and others of its provisions.

1885, August 21, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush about General James W. Nesmith’s last days and comments on visiting the Bush home in June 1884.

1887, March 17, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush about just learning that Bush was instrumental in the University of Oregon conferring an honorary law degree on Pratt.


James M. Pyle

1855, September 24, James M. Pyle | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush with a copy of a short dissertation advocating for the building of “Common Schools” rather than High Schools. Pyle asks Bush consider the thesis for publication.

1856, November 13, James M. Pyle | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush with payment for County Order Blanks and is in high spirits over the California vote. 

1857, January 14, James M. Pyle | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush to print 150 “Ball Tickets”. Pyle encourages Bush to adjust the cost of printing for the fundraiser and invites Bush to attend. 

1857, July 12, James M. Pyle | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush about printing an estray notice and mentions local printing news.

1858, March 9, James M. Pyle | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush to discuss Bush’s campaign for State Printer. Pyle describes significant opposition to Bush’s candidacy and feels his loss in the election would be a significant blow to the Democrats.

1858, June 8, James M. Pyle | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle sends Bush $24 from Judge Williams for multiple subscriptions to the Oregon Statesman.

1858, August 20, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes William J. Beggs to encourage him to take a job working for Bush on the Oregon Statesman.

1858, September 8, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, to update him on Pyle’s life and Roseburg news.

1858, November 23, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Round Prairie
Pyle writes to William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, to tell him that he has taken a land claim in Round Prairie and is becoming a farmer.

1860, February 12, James M. Pyle
Pyle writes Bush about the upcoming election with Walton for Clerk, Fullerton for Sheriff and Remick Cowles for Representative on the Democratic ticket.

1860, February 29, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, about supporting La Fayette Grover at the upcoming Convention. Pyle has taken a land claim with an 11 x 13 house on it.

1860, May 31, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, about county candidates and having the honor of firing the first gun “under the shadow of General Lane’s dwelling at Winchester.”

1860, June 7, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, with the results from the recent election. Walton, Fullerton and Cowles were all elected though other Democratic candidates were defeated.

1860, June 18, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, that Colonel Hooker is leaving “for your country.” Pyle comments on his hopes that Nesmith and Williams will be Oregon’s Senators and that the Republican National Convention has nominated “David” Lincoln as their presidential candidate.

1860, July 23, James M. Pyle | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes Bush with a false statement from James F. Gazley that he had more votes that Lane. Out of 1,000 votes cast, Gazley only received 275 votes. Pyle includes a newspaper clipping of the Canyonville precincts dated July 7, 1860.

1860, August 16, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, about Beggs being an elector. Pyle discusses local support for Stephen A. Douglas for President and his troubles with Matthew Deady, over a Clerkship appointment, though they remain friends.

1860, August 30, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, about an upcoming county Convention and following the Presidential election which includes General Joseph Lane on the Breckenridge-Lane ticket.


Delazon Smith

1853, March 1, Delazon Smith to the Honorable A. A. Chenoweth | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes the Honorable A. A. Chenoweth about his correspondence with Bush, and other prominent Democrats, about setting up a new Democratic paper in Oregon. Smith prefers the newspaper be located in Albany and is unable to attend a meeting Mr. Marye on the publication. Lee Waterman of the Times newspaper is criticized for failing to follow through on his own Democratic newspaper.

1853, May 23, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush about being nominated for Prosecuting Attorney for the judicial district at the Linn County Convention. Smith declined the nomination to avoid any competition with Mr. Barnum who was Marion County’s choice. Smith describes in detail a speech by General Lane which had a “crushing effect” on the Whig candidate Skinner.

1853, July 12, Delazon Smith | Grand Prairie Home, Linn County, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to “clean up” and print copies of his July 4th speech which was heard by 1,500 people in Albany.

1855, February 18, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to report his perspective on Oliver C. Pratt’s nomination and James F. Gazley’s troubled campaign.

1855, March 15, Delazon Smith | Grand Prairie Home, Linn County, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush with a detailed description of Linn County’s response to Oliver C. Pratt’s campaign, General Lane’s popularity and a letter from G. P. Culver.

1855, March 18, Delazon Smith | Grand Prairie Home, Linn County, Oregon Territory | Private & Confidential
Smith writes Bush with inside political information that should not be published on various candidates including Oliver C. Pratt and others.

1855, March 24, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush about the continuing “delegate” question and comments on the election of a Territorial Printer and the upcoming County Convention.

1855, March 31, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to list the precincts for the county, and how they voted. Smith describes the precinct meeting in Albany where General Lane would be the first choice and Smith would be the second.

1855, April 4, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to brag about Lane winning overwhelmingly against Pratt in Linn County.

1855, May 1, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to send him an enclosed “communication” that he wants published in the Oregon Statesman.

1855, June 18, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush about publishing a letter in the Oregon Statesman about the next President. Smith also includes a speech by Stephen A. Douglas for publication.

1855, July 15, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush with several open letters for the Oregon Statesman.

1856, February 27, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush about advertising the dates, times and places where Smith will be speaking. Smith lists a variety of locations throughout Marion and Linn Counties.

1856, June 27, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush with a letter for the Oregon Statesman discussing the Linn County elections. Smith comments on writing two articles for the newspaper. One would detail his political career and present the truth to the people in response to false information from Thomas J. Dryer and Leland.

1857, March 15, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush with more correspondence for the Oregon Statesman. Linn County residents are interested in nominating Smith for Congress rather than having General Lane serve a 4th term. Smith asks for Bush’s opinion.

1857, March 25, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush from Albany to cheer for a Lane’s nomination.

1857, July 18, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush about the outcome of legislative bills that Smith submitted to the House of Representatives for Hiram Smith and the Common School fund. Smith includes a Private note about newspaper publishers in the Willamette Valley.

1858, July 31, Delazon Smith | At Home | Private
Smith writes Bush with letter for the Oregon Statesman and describes frustrations with Oregon not being admitted to Union.

1858, August 1, Delazon Smith
Smith writes Bush about providing space in the Oregon Statesman to solicit the names of people to receive copies of public documents once Smith is in Washington D.C.

1858, August 5, Delazon Smith | At Home | For the Statesman
Smith writes Bush with detailed comments on Bush’s editorial on the territorial government and statehood.

1858, November 30, Delazon Smith | Washington D.C. | Private
Smith writes Bush to let him know that after visiting the President James Buchanan, Cabinet members and Senators Smith feels that Oregon will soon be admitted to the Union. Smith tries to mend the strained relationship between General Land and Bush and comments that the Secretary of War approves the payment of Indian War Claims. Smith notes that if Oregon is not admitted to the Union he will be completely bankrupt.

1859, February 1, Delazon Smith | Washington, D.C.
Smith writes Bush to discuss how General Lane was correct about Oregon being admitted to the Union much faster if the state laws had replaced the Territorial Government.

1859, February 2, Delazon Smith | Washington, D.C.
Smith writes Bush about more opposition to Oregon’s statehood than he anticipated. Smith blames a lack of support for statehood on Bush publishing low population numbers in the Oregon Statesman. Smith goes on to detail the politics of the statehood vote, outlines the list of appointments for political positions in Oregon and makes a case for working the General Lane.