Becoming Oregon: Letters by Date


Below is a list of the letters written to Asahel Bush II between 1851-1909, categorized by date. This first phase of the Becoming Oregon project has been funded through grants from the Oregon Heritage Commission and the Oregon Cultural Trust, and completed with the assistance of Diane Huddleston, James O’Shea, Christopher Pollard, Bob Speckman, and Ross Sutherland. In the coming years the Bush House Museum will continue adding to this webpage until all the letters to Asahel Bush II, during his years at the Oregon Statesman, are available online.

Titles in green are live links to PDFs containing 1930s transcriptions in addition to the original, handwritten letters. In some cases, only the transcription or the handwritten letter may be available. For high resolution samples of any files, please contact Ross Sutherland, Bush House Museum Director, at 503-363-4714 or ross@SalemArt.org.


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Post-1863


1850 Letters

1850, July 27, Samuel R. Thurston to Several Men | Washington, D.C.
Thurston writes several men, including Matthew P. Deady, introducing Asahel Bush.

1850, July 28, Samuel R. Thurston to Several Men in Linn County | Washington, D.C.
Thurston writes several men in Linn County introducing Asahel Bush.

1850, August 11, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C. | Confidential
Thurston tells Bush that a Whig Party printing press is headed to Oregon and W. W. Chapman will edit this newspaper. Thurston informs Bush that subscriptions for the Oregon Statesman are being solicited and he should meet with Henry Russell as soon as Bush arrives in Oregon. Thurston counsels Bush on starting the newspaper and meeting with Wilson Blain, editor of the Oregon Spectator, 1849-1850, and Benjamin Simpson. “Lose not a moment in reaching them, and when there let no one get it earlier, work later, or steal the march on you.”

1850, September 3, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C. | Confidential
Thurston asks Bush to stall subscribers to the Oregon Statesman as the printing press will not arrive until the end of December, 1850. Thurston discusses organizing the Democratic Party against Whig Party opposition to elect him. Thurston does not want anyone to know he has said anything about this matter and asks Bush “while the assembly is in session, watch the maneuvers, conversations and inclinations of men and cliques, and parties, and send me a weekly account of them.”

1850, November 30, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C. | Letter to the Editor
Thurston writes Bush with a description of Pennsylvania Avenue while Congress is in session. Thurston notes how the President’s message is distributed in printed form and by telegraph which is “unmistakable evidence that this is a progressive age.” The President message touches on slavery and Great Britain’s actions in Central America. Thurston continues on to discuss the Fugitive Slave Law, the secession cause and “disunion” activities in various states.

1850, November 30, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C. | Confidential
Thurston writes Bush that the printing press left New York on October 16 and was damaged during loading. He tells Bush to have the press repaired in Astoria when it arrives. Thurston will be a correspondent for the Oregon Statesman newspaper but doesn’t want anyone to know who is writing the articles he submits.

1850, November 31, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C. | Confidential
Thurston writes Bush to introduce John Ferguson who has a commission from the Post Office Department.

1850, December 7, William H. Aspenwall to Samuel R. Thurston | New York, New York
Thurston forwards Bush a letter from William H. Aspenwall mentioning repairs to the press and describing the problems with streamer travel to Oregon.

1850, December 14, Samuel R. Thurston | Letter to the Editor | Private
Thurston writes Bush to “Please publish the Enclosed.”

1850, December 19, Samuel R. Thurston
“Remarks of Mr. Thurston in the House of Representatives, in Committee of the whole, December 19, 1850, on the Cheap Postage Bill.”

1850, December 19, Henry Russell Contract | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
Thurston asks Bush to “publish this note as the original is in my possession.” Henry Russell assigns and transfers all right, title and interest in the Oregon Statesman, including the press and printing materials, to Bush.

1850, December 23, A. D. Bache to Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C.
Bache writes Thurston that the first edition of engravings of the Western Coast will be sent to Thurston by steamer on December 27, 1850. A second edition of engravings detailing the entrance to the Columbia River will be completed in four weeks.


1851 Letters

1851, January 27, Honorable Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C. |Confidential
Thurston describes various people associated with the Oregon Statesman and tells Bush that “You are to be the sole judge what shall or shall not go into the paper.” Thurston advises Bush on the finances of the newspaper and praises Bush for buying 50 bundles of paper from Wilson Blain, editor of the Oregon Spectator, 1849-1850.

1851, January 29, Honorable Samuel R. Thurston to the Editor of the Oregon Spectator | H. R.
Thurston writes the editor of the Oregon Spectator regarding his failure to pass an amendment to pay for the extra session of the Oregon Territory’s Legislative Assembly in 1850. Thurston includes a copy of a letter he received from William L. Hodge, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, stating that several letters have been sent to committees in the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives recommending an appropriation for these Legislative Assembly expenses.

1851, February 8, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C. | Letter to the Editor
Thurston writes Bush to inform him that the Cayuse War bill and the Port of Entry bill have passed and are waiting the signature of President Millard Fillmore.

1851, February 9, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C.
Thurston writes Bush with a list of his accomplishments during the current session. The list includes the expenses of the Legislative Assembly, the Cayuse War bill, a bill dividing Oregon into three districts with four ports of delivery, a lighthouse at Umpqua head and other matters. Thurston also worked on the Postage bill which will reduce postage from 40 cents to 3 cents. Thurston will return to Oregon in mid-March, 1851.

1851, February 10, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C.
Thurston writes Bush to keep all Thurston’s letters confidential and to communicate with a number of local supporters.

1851, February 11, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C. | Confidential
Thurston writes Bush about Judge Nelson and Orville C. Pratt coming to Oregon without their families. Thurston appears to be telling Bush how to write about this issue by stating, “Just blow up the idea of men coming to Oregon to hold offices with their families in the states.”

1851, February 26, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C. | Letter to the Editor
Thurston writes Bush about the politics surrounding the Land Bill, also known as the Donation Land Claim Act, and making it favorable to Oregon.

1851, February 26, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C.
Thurston writes Bush a separate letter stating that his previous letter should be printed in the Star if Bush’s newspaper is not established.

1851, February 26, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C.
Thurston writes Bush about specific topics of the Donation Land Claim Act.

1851, February 27, Samuel R. Thurston | Washington, D.C.
Thurston writes Bush about various newspapers in the Oregon Territory which are omitting important information when they reprinted the text of the Donation Land Claim Act. The Star has left out the word “white” between the words “every” and “settler” and printed 1850 instead of 1851. Thurston details aspects of the law he wants Bush to understand. Thurston also outlines other successful actions during the session.

1851, March 6, Samuel R. Thurston | Letter to the Editor | Chicopee, Massachusetts
Thurston forwards a letter, written by Fitz Henry, to Bush regarding the mail delivery to Scottsville, Oregon near the mouth of the Umpqua River.

1851, March 19, Wilson Blain to Asahel Bush | Union Point, Oregon Territory
Wilson Blain, editor of the Oregon Spectator, 1849-1850, writes Bush and notes that he heard the printing press had arrived. He discusses the relationship between mail service and newspaper subscriptions. Blain notes how popular Thurston is in Oregon City and that “there is but one party and that is the Thurston party.” Blain also describes the town of Union Point, which he established 2 miles south of Brownsville. Union Point eventually disappeared after Albany was selected as the county seat.

1851, March 27, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about sending more Oregon Statesman newspapers to distribute in Portland. Boise comments about Thomas J. Dryer’s dislike of Bush.

1851, March 28, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise warns Bush about a possible visit from Thomas J. Dryer who has a “revolver in his pocket”. Dryer wants an explanation for some things that Bush has printed about him in the Oregon Statesman.

1851, April 9, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about Thomas J. Dryer’s immature behavior and jokes about Oregon City residents shouting “God Save the Queen” now that John McLoughlin is mayor.

1851, April 11, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about a fight between two sailors on the Steamer Goliath. Boise comments on Thomas J. Dryer’s public pronouncement about having better regulations in the Oregon Territory if he were King.

1851, April 11, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding sends Bush a list of current and new subscribers to the Oregon Statesman.

1851, April 17, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush with a list of subscribers.

1851, April 18, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about William Keen shooting of a man named Cook at the gambling house of Job McNamee. Boise comments on Thomas J. Dryer’s continued threats to Bush and has purchased a pistol for Bush to help protect himself.

1851, May 4, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush and comments on various newspapers and his campaign.

1851, May 7, Benjamin F. Harding | In Confidence
Harding writes Bush about support for Joseph Lane’s candidacy against Samuel Thurston for the Oregon Territory Delegate in Congress.

1851, May 13, Butler P. Anderson | Astoria, Oregon Territory
Anderson writes Bush with a report from “Van” about the community of Clatsop nominating candidates for the legislature and council.

1851, May 23, Matthew P. Deady | Jacob Hawns
Deady writes Bush about his hopes for the upcoming election and optimism about the Oregon Statesman.

1851, May 25, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory | In Good Confidence
Harding writes Bush about the success of a recent convention.

1851, May 26, Reuben P. Boise | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about missing an upcoming trip to the Cascades but can go after the election. Boise mentions Thomas J. Dryer’s “silly lies” about the King.

1851, May 28, Matthew P. Deady | Butteville, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about his campaign and travels.

1851, June 16, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about travelling, camping, and comments on a few of the people he met.

1851, July 2, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush, while drunk in the middle of the night, to complain about some of Bush’s writing, then local politics. The second half of the letter is written the next morning to apologize, continue writing about local politics, and lastly subscribers.

1851, July 14, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to send in two advertisements on for Dr. Odell and another for Deady.

1851, July 23, Three notes payable to Mrs. Thurston
“Three notes all dated July 23, 1851 to Mrs. Thurston. The first for 25, the second for 300 and the 3rd for 200, payable in one, two and three years from date.” These loans may have been related to the death of Samuel Thurston on April 6, 1851 in Acapulco, Mexico from a tropical fever. See 1852, April 2, Mrs. Thurston to Asahel Bush.

1851, August 20, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory | In Faith and Confidence
Harding writes Bush about Judge Pratt and some uncompleted Territorial business along with a Bill that may be contrary to the Organic Laws.

1851, August 24, Henry Russell to Asahel Bush | New York, New York
Russell writes Bush about various newspapers in Portland and Frank McClench, Thurston’s brother-in-law, who is sharing family information in the Oregon Spectator. Russell mentions Wilson Blain; James M. Moore, Linn County Postmaster and the newspaper postage law. Russell closes with “Hoping you are “making (gaining) money”, equal to the wear and tear of body and mind and the civilized comforts you have forsaken for it, I will close this.”

1851, September 25, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to submit letters to be published, and asks Bush to write him.

1851, September 26, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady sends Bush three large peaches and encloses a communication about C. Walker and treaty matters. (Communication missing)

1851, October 3, Orville C. Pratt | Rickreall, Polk County, Oregon Territory | Strictly Confidential
Pratt writes Bush about the testimony of a “Mrs. T” in a trial in Marysville, now Corvallis.

1851, October 8, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady asks Bush to write more and update him on arbitration between T. Carter and A. I. Hembree.

1851, October 12, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady encloses a communication to Bush extending the right of suffrage to men over eighteen. (Communication missing)

1851, October 20, Matthew P. Deady | D. Wilcox’s Studio | Hillsborough, Oregon Territory
Deady encloses a letter to Bush under the pen name “Uncle Ned”, and responds for Judge Pratt to Bush. (Letter missing)

1851, October 23, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory | Confidence
Harding writes Bush about relocating the Oregon Statesman to Salem.

1851, November 8, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory | Private Letter
Applegate asks Bush to anonymously publish his opinion piece, advocating for the immediate division of the Oregon Territory. Applegate suggests that the Territory’s residents should elect their leaders rather than having them “imposed” by the Federal Government.

1851, November 10, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | Mollala Settlement, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Applegate writes Bush to point out a serious error in a letter from John B. Preston, Surveyor General, published in the August 19, 1851 Oregon Spectator. Rather than each land claimant marking the corners and lines of their land claims as part of a future land survey, the letter should have stated the Deputy Surveyors would complete this task. Applegate signs the letter Pierre Piout.

1851, November 16, Jesse A. Applegate | Champoeg, Marion County, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Applegate write Bush to compare the current leadership structure of the Oregon Territory to the British Colonial System which helped spark the American Revolutionary War. He advocates for self governance of the territory and signs the letter An Old Oregonian.

1851, November 25, Jesse A. Applegate | Champoeg, Marion County, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Applegate writes Bush to suggest remedies for the defects in the Territorial Government. His list includes dividing the Territory along the Columbia River, restoring the rights of citizens, filling leadership roles with Territory residents and other measures. Applegate signs the letter An Old Oregonian.


1852 Letters

1852, January 10, Jesse A. Applegate | Mollala Settlement, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Applegate writes Bush to discuss the publication of his November 10, 1851 letter in the Oregon Statesman regarding land surveys. He describes the land claim process in Oregon and advocates for informal local boundary setting rather than formal and costly surveying of lands. Applegate signs the letter Pierre Piout. 

1852, February 16, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Applegate write Bush to comment on the need for more accurate land surveys in Portland and Oregon City with less formal surveys adequate in more rural areas. Applegate discusses the challenges to recent settlers who are required to provide documents which prove they are citizens or are married.

1852, February 18, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush with a copy of a humorous letter from John P Gaines, Governor of the Oregon Territory, to John D. Boon, Oregon Territorial Treasurer.

1852, February 25, Butler P. Anderson | Astoria, Oregon Territory
Anderson writes Bush about the “Clatsop folks” complaining about being slandered in the Times, by a journalist named Waterman.

1852, February 29, Reuben P. Boise | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about the likelihood of a change of venue for his case. Boise describes a meeting at Hillsborough where Matthew Deady gave a “first rate speech”.

1852, March 11, Matthew P. Deady | Albany, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on correspondence and his travels.

1852, March 14, Orville C. Pratt | Albany, Linn County, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush about the courts in Linn and Marion Counties.

1852, March 23, Matthew P. Deady | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about a meeting to deal with “present Territorial difficulties” and comments on the establishment of a Whig Party.

1852, March 23, Orville C. Pratt | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush about the court in the Umpqua valley, and an upcoming meeting when Jesse Applegate will propose political resolutions related to federal authority in the Territory.

1852, April 2, Mrs. Thurston to Asahel Bush | Polk County, Oregon Territory
Mrs. Thurston writes Bush about Frank McClench, Thurston’s brother-in-law, bringing what money he can collect to Bush. Mrs. Thurston and the children will meet Bush in Hillsborough if they are well.

1852, April 12, Matthew P. Deady | Nesmith Hills, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the local court system and legislature.

1852, April 24, Stephen F. Chadwick | Scottsburg, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes Bush about leaving San Francisco before securing an engraving, or “cut”. Chadwick comments on a political meeting in Umpqua City and criticizes Jesse Applegate and the Whigs.

1852, April 25, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Applegate writes Bush to request replacement copies of the April 13, 1852 Oregon Statesmen since the original shipment of newspapers never arrived. He encourages Bush to begin writing about the establishment of a responsive state government and mentions “Peter Piout.”

1852, August 4, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about his court cases including a Polk County man named Wimple who murdered his wife.

1852, August 9, William H. Barnhart | Acapulco, Mexico
Barnhart writes Bush about his plan to have the body of Samuel Thurston, a notable Oregon politician, exhumed from Acapulco, Mexico and buried in Oregon. Barnhart briefly describes the danger of getting from Oregon to the Atlantic coast. Thurston’s body was buried in the Salem Pioneer Cemetery on April 12, 1853.

1852, August 9, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush update him on the Wimple murder trial and local politics.

1852, August 28, Matthew P. Deady | Nesmith
Deady writes Bush about Wimple’s escape from jail.

1852, September 20, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on local politics.

1852, October 4, Orville C. Pratt | Washington, D.C.
Pratt writes Bush about convincing Mr. Whittlesby to support Bush for Territorial Printer.

1852, October 7, Orville C. Pratt to Sir? | Washington, D.C.
Pratt writes Sir? regarding Bush’s “difficulties” with the Territorial Secretary in collecting payment for services. The projects in include: printing the Laws and Journals of the Territory for the Legislative Session of 1850-1851; publishing the laws from the 1851-1852 session in the Oregon Statesman; incidental printing for the 1851-1852 legislature and printing the Laws and Journals of the Territory for the Legislative Session of 1851-1852.

1852, October 14, Orville C. Pratt to Ringham and Reynolds | New York City, New York
Pratt writes to “Messrs. Ringham and Reynolds” in San Francisco about a shipment of paper for Bush, arriving on the Erey Leather, which needs to be send on to Oregon.

1852, October 20, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush a detailed description of local postal routes and mentions the “Seat of Government” question.

1852, December 2, Wilson Blain to Asahel Bush | Calapoya, Linn County, Oregon Territory
Wilson Blain, editor of the Oregon Spectator, 1849-1850, writes Bush for an estimate to print 400 copies of a semi-monthly newspaper for the United Presbyterian Church of Oregon.

1852, December 21, E. Hamilton, Secretary of the Oregon Territory | Oregon Territory

This is a typewritten copy of the original document stating that Oregon Territory Commissioners Adam Van Dusen, William M. King and William H. Wilson will take “suitable steps to bring the mortal remains of the late Honorable Samuel R. Thurston to this Territory.” Thurston died on April 6, 1851 in Acapulco, Mexico from a tropical fever. He was reburied in the Salem Pioneer Cemetery.


1853 Letters

1853, January 7, Reuben P. Boise | Nesmith Mills, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about becoming a commissioner so he can help revise current laws. Boise discusses about the politics of being elected and mentions two feet of snow in the area.

1853, January 15, John C. McCraken | Statesman Office
McCraken writes Bush with a copy of the Oregon Statesman containing an article on the old Penitentiary. McCraken asks Bush to send him the key to Bush’s trunk so McCraken can get his money.

1853, January 19, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush a cryptic letter about various political topics.

1853, January 21, Matthew P. Deady to General Lane | Salem, Oregon Territory
Deady send Bush a copy of his letter to General Lane about replacing the Lafayette Post Master with Warner Breyman. Deady discusses the Democratic Assembly recommending General Palmer for Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Deady comment on the Whig’s political influence on “soft democrats”.

1853, January 31, Matthew P. Deady to General Lane | Salem, Oregon Territory
Deady send Bush a copy of his letter to General Lane recommending Dr. Richard I. White as Consul American for “one of the ports of South America or of Mexico”.

1853, February 10, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about being supported by the Whigs as a delegate.

1853, February 13, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Applegate writes Bush with three dollars for the past due account of Henry Christian and mentions that the February 5, 1853 newspapers never arrived.

1853, March 1, Delazon Smith to the Honorable A. A. Chenoweth | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes the Honorable A. A. Chenoweth about his correspondence with Bush, and other prominent Democrats, about setting up a new Democratic paper in Oregon. Smith prefers the newspaper be located in Albany and is unable to attend a meeting Mr. Marye on the publication. Lee Waterman of the Times newspaper is criticized for failing to follow through on his own Democratic newspaper.

1853, April 5, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush with a detailed description of the recent Democrat’s County Convention.

1853, April 13, Orville C. Pratt | Dallas, Polk County, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush to correct subscriber errors for James Hetherly. Since Hetherly is a “good and sensible Democrat”, whose house is on the main road to the mines, Pratt encourages Bush to send him the Oregon Statesman so he can pass on the news to others.

1853, April 25, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about a legal dispute over the Provisional Government’s Cayuse Army and mentions various candidates.

1853, April 27, Orville C. Pratt
Pratt writes Bush requesting the March 21 edition of the New York Herald newspaper and the name of the Chief Justice of Washington Territory.

1853, May 23, George L. Curry | Oregon Territory’s Secretary’s Office | Salem, Oregon Territory
Curry writes Bush about a manuscript copy of the House Journal left at Hamilton’s office and the upcoming election. Curry advises Bush against betting on Joseph Lane to win.

1853, May 23, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush about being nominated for Prosecuting Attorney for the judicial district at the Linn County Convention. Smith declined the nomination to avoid any competition with Mr. Barnum who was Marion County’s choice. Smith describes in detail a speech by General Lane which had a “crushing effect” on the Whig candidate Skinner.

1853, June 1, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the publication of some private letters to Bush in the Oregonian. “For God’s sake, as soon as you read my scrawls burn them”.

1853, July 9, Orville C. Pratt | Linn County, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush to publish an article in the Oregon Statesman to counter an assault on Pratt by the Oregonian newspaper.

1853, July 12, Delazon Smith | Grand Prairie Home, Linn County, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to “clean up” and print copies of his July 4th speech which was heard by 1,500 people in Albany.

1853, July 16, Matthew P. Deady | Lafayette, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about several legal cases, and updates him on personal business.

1853, September 12, Matthew P. Deady | Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about his court cases and updates Bush about the news of mutual friends.

1853, October 19, Orville C. Pratt | Linn County, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush to voice his opposition to the Oregonian newspaper exceeding its authority by publishing an advertisement for the U.S. Post Office. He details the political backstory of Deady’s removal from office.

1853, October 24, G. D. R. Boyd | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes Bush about speaking to members of the Oregon Territory legislature to amend the Penitentiary law. Boyd is keeping three prisoners without a salary or funds for expenses.

1853, October 25, G. D. R. Boyd | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes Bush about an open letter against the legislature suspending work on the penitentiary to be published in the Commercial newspaper. Boyd tells Bush that he is about to run for clerk and that he expects to win.

1853, November 4, G. D. R. Boyd | Portland, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes to Bush about the need for a state penitentiary and comments on candidates in the coming election. Boyd attacks the Whigs, “for in their thirst for office they would even betray their God”.

1853, November 4, Matthew P. Deady | Marysville, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about mutual acquaintances and his ideas for the state Democrats.

1853, November 12, John C. McCraken | Island Mills at Oregon City, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush with news about his business and several mutual friends.

1853, November 20, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about purchasing farm with Foster, local politics and his thoughts on the Union.

1853, November 27, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about a subscriber to the Oregon Statesman in Michigan and replacing Judge Olney. Deady comments on Lane’s performance in office.

1853, December 3, Orville C. Pratt | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush to let him know if he hears anything about a Treasury Warrant in favor of a Mr. Hess.


1854 Letters

1854, February 1, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush with an advertisement and some cash.

1854, February 2, George H. Williams to Dodge and Tines, U.S. Senate | Salem, Oregon Territory
Williams writes Senators Dodge and Tines to introduce Asahel Bush.

1854, February 14, Orville C. Pratt to the Honorable T. C. Washington | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
Pratt writes Bush a letter of introduction to the Honorable T. C. Washington for a trip Bush is taking to Washington, D.C.

1854, March 28, William H. Barnhart | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Barnhart sends Bush a letter ahead of Barnhart’s arrival in Salem. Barnhart asks Bush cover a $1,500 loan should the loan come due before Barnhart arrives in town.

1854, April, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | Written to John B. Preston & Charles K. Gardiner, Surveyor Generals of the Territories of Oregon and Washington | Original Letter Undated
Applegate writes to the Surveyor Generals regarding a notice they published in the April 22, 1854 Oregonian on the surveying of land claims. He makes a case that the land holders have already had their claims sufficiently documented and a second survey is not necessary. He accuses the Surveyor Generals of trying to “fleece” citizens and signs the letter The Settler.

1854, May 12, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about local politics and mentions the Constitution question. Deady asks Bush to learn more about the cause of his removal.

1854, September 10, Orville C. Pratt | Oregon City, Oregon Territory | Confidential
Pratt writes Bush to use the Oregon Statesman to respond to a Times newspaper article accusing Pratt of being expelled from the Military Academy.

1854, September 15, Patrick Malone | Portland, Oregon Territory
Malone writes Bush about an opening at the Oregon Statesman for a “boy to learn the printing business.” Malone asks Bush to describe the “inducements” he would offer Malone for taking this position.

1854, September 26, Matthew P. Deady | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about financial matters. Deady mentions Bush meeting Oliver C. Pratt in 1853 and supporting the nomination of General Lane over Deady.

1854, September 30, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about a letter Deady received with a note about Bush’s dislike of General Lane and Oliver C. Pratt’s candidacy.

1854, October 13, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush about a subscription payment and urges Bush to give Dryer and the Know Nothings “hell.” Norris believes that the “foreigner” vote for Councilman can be secured if all the Democratic newspapers pitch in.

1854, October 15, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to say he “cares nothing” about Bush’s statements to Oliver C. Pratt in 1853 regarding Deady’s nomination. Deady mentions Applegate’s difficulties with scandal, as well as Pratty & General Lane each announcing themselves as the Democratic candidate without a contest.

1854, October 23, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to apologize for his “bit of fun” in an earlier letter that angered Bush. Deady will find out what Oliver C. Pratt thinks of Bush.

1854, November 18, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about having an evening with “a galaxy of notorious men”, D. B. Brannan, A. C. Gibbs, Cleason, Smith, and Oliver C. Pratt. He also sends a court calendar for Jacksonville.

1854, November 24, Matthew P. Deady | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about court and local politics. Deady mentions a drunken man named Logan who threatened to shoot Deady and J. W. Drew. He also comments on Pratt’s electioneering in Jacksonville and Applegate is being charged with “all sorts of derelictions of duty”.

1854, December 23, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush to send the Oregon Statesman by steamer rather than by mail. Norris comments on the Whigs being “knocked endways” by the news that Washington County was divided to create Columbia County. Thomas J. Dryer, editor of the Oregonian, and others were planning a meeting to let the Oregon Territorial Legislature what Portland Whigs thought of the new county.


1855 Letters

1855, February 13, Reuben P. Boise | Nesmith Hills, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about Mrs. Boise naming their new son Fisher Ames. Boise comments on the election for Territorial Printer

1855, February 18, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to report his perspective on Oliver C. Pratt’s nomination and James F. Gazley’s troubled campaign.

1855, February 26, Patrick Malone | Portland, Oregon Territory
Malone writes Bush about word from Dr. Wilcox that the General Land office is dismissing several clerks. He mentions Victor Trevitt, speculation around the nomination of Orville C. Pratt and that Multnomah County will send supporters of Joseph Lane to the Convention.

1855, March 1, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush that Douglas County’s first choice is Lane and second choice is anyone other than Judge Orville C. Pratt. Dearborn encourages Bush to be more “sparing of your thunder” aimed at James F. Gazley which was creating public support for the candidate.

1855, March 1, Delazon Smith | Grand Prairie Home, Linn County, Oregon Territory | Private
Smith sends Bush letters from Governor Curry, Nesmith and others. Smith mentions Yamhill County residents’ supporting the relocation of the Territorial Government to Corvallis and the “University at Jacksonville.” He describes Judge Oliver C. Pratt political conflict with General Lane.

1855, March 4, Matthew P. Deady | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Deady writes to Bush to update him on Pratt’s support in various counties.

1855, March 7, Matthew P. Deady | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about “the delegate question” and the debates of various candidates.

1855, March 15, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about Pratt’s political campaign and other local politics.

1855, March 15, Delazon Smith | Grand Prairie Home, Linn County, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush with a detailed description of Linn County’s response to Oliver C. Pratt’s campaign, General Lane’s popularity and a letter from G. P. Culver.

1855, March 16, John C. McCraken | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about cancelling the mortgage Bush holds on 1/4 of the “rocks” which he intends to return to Thompson. McCraken notes that Captain Hedges is trying to get Colonel Jennings into the delegation for the Territorial Convention. Both men support Joseph Lane.

1855, March 18, Patrick Malone | Portland, Oregon Territory
Malone writes Bush regarding a “communication” to be published in the Oregon Statesman about an unnamed Methodist pastor who is part of a “political proselytizing pack.” Malone discusses Orville C. Pratt’s unpopularity in Multnomah County and support for Bush as public printer.

1855, March 18, Delazon Smith | Grand Prairie Home, Linn County, Oregon Territory | Private & Confidential
Smith writes Bush with inside political information that should not be published on various candidates including Oliver C. Pratt and others.

1855, March 20, George L. Curry | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
Curry writes Bush to update him on Joseph Lane’s campaign and candidate support in Clackamas County.

1855, March 20, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the “Gazley Controversy” which involved the sexual assault of a Native American woman. Comments on Oliver C. Pratt’s letters to fellow candidate Stratton.

1855, March 24, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush about the continuing “delegate” question and comments on the election of a Territorial Printer and the upcoming County Convention.

1855, March 25, Chester N. Terry | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush with a description of the Democratic Convention in Corvallis which favored Joseph Lane. Terry describes how Joseph C. Avery deserted candidate Judge Orville C. Pratt and mentions his conversation with Mr. Biddle about renting Bush a house in Corvallis.

1855, March 26, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush that his “curt reply” was more effective in silencing James F. Gazley than the “ablest two column leader.” Dearborn describes Gazley’s reaction to Bush’s notice and describes delegate voting at the Douglas County convention.

1855, March 27, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady sends Bush a letter from Palmer to Martin about Lane.

1855, March 30, Chester N. Terry | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush that he will contact Mr. Biddle about the rental house and that Joseph Lane will win Benton County Convention.

1855, March 31, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to list the precincts for the county, and how they voted. Smith describes the precinct meeting in Albany where General Lane would be the first choice and Smith would be the second.

1855, April 4, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to brag about Lane winning overwhelmingly against Pratt in Linn County.

1855, April 14, Patrick Malone | Portland, Oregon Territory
Malone writes Bush about “Lane’s application to Gardiner on my behalf” and for a complimentary subscription to the Oregon Statesman.

1855, April 18, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush to order a set of Poll Books and notes that Bush is in Corvallis rather than Salem. Dearborn comments on the sound defeat of Judge Orville C. Pratt and enthusiasm for candidate Joseph Lane.

1855, April 24, George H. Williams | Dallas, Oregon Territory | Private
Williams writes Bush about publishing a letter in the Oregon Statesman. The unidentified author of the letter wants to ask Dr. Henry about his statement that Governor Gaines is the “strongest kind of anti-Nebraska man.” The comment was made to Governor Curry, Judge George H. Williams and others following the Whig Convention in Corvallis. An anti-Nebraska man would not support those living in the U.S. territories deciding the question of slavery for themselves as the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 allowed in the Kansas and Nebraska territories.

1855, April 29, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the convention in Deer Creek and other political news.

1855, May 1, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush to send him an enclosed “communication” that he wants published in the Oregon Statesman.

1855, May 2, Matthew P. Deady | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to send him the result of the county convention in Deer Creek.

1855, May 7, Matthew P. Deady | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on Territorial politics and criticizes local Whigs for switching their stance on the Kansas/Nebraska Act.

1855, May 7, J.W. Drew | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Drew writes Bush a detailed description of the Democrat’s plans for the upcoming Territorial election with comments on various politicians in Oregon.

1855, May 19, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush to let him know that the Poll Books he sent do not have enough lines. Norris comments on the activities of the Whigs and Know Nothings. He laments the lack of Democrats on the county ballot which is filled with Whig Party candidates.

1855, May 21, Benjamin F. Harding | At Home, Marion County, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush about an Oregon Statesman subscription for Mr. Doty. 

1855, June 5, Matthew P. Deady | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the results of the Territorial election in Umpqua County and anticipates a close victory for the Democrats.

1855, June 17, G. D. R. Boyd | Scottsburg, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes to Bush asking for a shipment of black ink to print his newspaper.

1855, June 18, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush about publishing a letter in the Oregon Statesman about the next President. Smith also includes a speech by Stephen A. Douglas for publication.

1855, June 19, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush about Poll Books and lets Bush know he was joking about forcing a subscription to the Oregon Statesman on Watson.

1855, June 28, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush about visiting Dennison and writing Jackson about Bush’s letters. Norris and several others will “work on “Brown and he mentions candidate John Harris.

1855, July 2, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush about how two men named Norththrop voted. Both men are Democrats and Norris notes that their worker named Reen voted the Know Nothings ticket. Norris reassures Bush about candidate John Harris.

1855, July 15, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush with several open letters for the Oregon Statesman.

1855, July 27, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush that he has no news on gold discoveries in the area.

1855, August 18, J.W. Drew | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Drew writes Bush about the break up of the “old set” that controlled Jackson County.

1855, August 24, Matthew P. Deady | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to tell him about a trial.

1855, August 29, George H. Williams | Salem, Oregon Territory
Williams writes Bush about publishing the enclosed opinion of the Supreme Court regarding land deeds that are properly attested, acknowledged and recorded. The enclosed opinion on Moore vs. Thomas is not with the letter.

1855, August 28, Reuben P. Boise | Dallas, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush a brief statement about the capitol returning to “Moran” County. Boise described Delazon Smith’s involvement with the state government question and advocates a vote of the people to decide to hold a constitutional convention or not.

1855, September 5, Matthew P. Deady | At Home Near Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about party delegates that he thinks are lazy, and mentions upcoming trials. He also says, “There has never been any Indian difficulty in Rogue River. All these stories are got up by the Charley Drew set to cover up and justify themselves”.

1855, September 7, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to ask about how much he now owes Bush and discusses his difficulty in making enough money to pay the loan. Anderson plans to get more involved in the local Democratic Party.

1855, September 9, G. D. R. Boyd | Scottsburg, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes to Bush about the failure of H. S. Jacobs to pay him money owned Bush. Boyd was a longtime Democrat who is facing criticism from Peter & Leland. 

1855, September 10, Patrick Malone | Portland, Oregon Territory
Malone writes Bush to repay a $30 loan.

1855, September 15, George L. Curry | At Home, Among the Fern
Curry writes Bush about the political impact of the “nonremoval of Gardiner.” Curry mentions the guns and revolvers being shipped to the Oregon Territory and the submission of a Constitution to the people in the territory.

1855, September 19, J.W. Drew | Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Drew writes Bush apologize for a letter containing a “few plain words relative to your candidate for President” that upset Bush. Drew updates Bush on the activities of mutual friends in the Oregon Territory.

1855, September 20, Chester N. Terry | Salem, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush about newspaper subscriptions.

1855, September 22, Patrick Malone | Portland, Oregon Territory
Malone writes Bush about an August 26 letter containing payments from various people to Bush. Malone describes how he borrowed $30 from the payments owed Bush and then was unable to repay the money he had borrowed by August 26. Malone comments on the surveying business, reporting for the Oregon Statesman and the Times “running down hill fast.”

1855, September 22, Harding, Benjamin F to Elisha Whittlesey, First Comptroller of the Treasury | Oregon Territorial Secretary’s Office | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes to Elisha Whittlesey about a payment due Bush for printing the 1854-1855 Statutes of Oregon following the loss of half of them when the Steamer Southerner sank.

1855, September 24, James M. Pyle | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush with a copy of a short dissertation advocating for the building of “Common Schools” rather than High Schools. Pyle asks Bush consider the thesis for publication.

1855, September 24, Chester N. Terry | Salem, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush with little news and mentions that Joseph Lane, Governor Curry and James Nesmith had visited Salem. Terry has not had much success trying to sell Bush’s house.

1855, September 28, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush with a proposal to write weekly correspondence for the Oregon Statesman during his stay in Washington, D.C. His salary would be paid by Bush as well as Waterman from the Times.

1855, September 29, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush requesting instructions the removal of some library furniture.

1855, September 30, Benjamin F. Harding | Salem, Oregon Territory
Harding writes Bush on his continuing efforts to pay him his Territorial Printer salary.

1855, October 8, Chester N. Terry | Salem, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush about the County Auditor’s error in counting all voters twice.

1855, October 9, Butler P. Anderson | Astoria, Oregon Territory
Anderson writes Bush about leaving suddenly for the east coast. Waterman, of the Times, has agreed pay his share of Anderson’s salary if Bush will.

1855, October 11, J.W. Drew
Drew writes to update Bush on men traveling south from Deer Creek to fight in the Rogue River Wars.

1855, October 12, Chester N. Terry | Salem, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush about putting together a company of men for the Indian War outside of Portland.

1855, October 14, Chester N. Terry | Salem, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush that he is too busy to send him an account of the Agricultural Fair, which later became the Oregon State Fair. Terry describes the Companies which are forming to fight in the Indian War outside of Portland.

1855, October 14, La Fayette Grover | Salem, Oregon Territory
Grover writes Bush about preparations for the Yakima Indian War and a successful agricultural fair he attended.

1855, October 15, Patrick Malone | Portland, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Malone writes Bush about the Indian War with reports of bands of Indians around Cascades, now Cascades Locks. Malone comments on the red tape involving a volunteer company and how few local professionals have volunteered for service. He shares his perspective on the patriotism of “people of agriculture.”

1855, October 15, Chester N. Terry | Salem, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush a brief note to let him know the Statute arrived and several volunteer companies are being organized to fight in the Indian War outside of Portland. 

1855, October 16, Chester N. Terry | Salem, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush to update him on preparations for the Indian War outside of Portland. Terry reports that 2,500 Indians have banded together near the settlements at the forks of the Santiam River near present day Lyons.

1855, October 23, George L. Curry | Portland, Oregon Territory
Curry briefly writes Bush about publishing General Orders 10 in the Oregon Statesman.

1855, October 28, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about his return to Portland and informs Bush about appointments to various governmental positions. McCraken mentions Kelly taking a furlough from the Territorial Legislature to avoid the capital question.

1855, October 29, Chester N. Terry | Salem, Oregon Territory
Terry writes Bush about various payments Terry has collected for Bush.

1855, October 30, Matthew P. Deady | Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the build-up for a war against a local tribe at Deer Creek. He comments on the future.

1855, October 30, J.W. Drew | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Drew writes Bush on companies of men moving south from Deer Creek, to “subdue the Indians” following the massacre of an entire tribal village by a group of Volunteers. Drew details the election of officers for the expedition and may try and get Matthew Deady to accept a position of Colonel of the Native People.

1855, November 1, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the Deer Creek conflict with the local Tribes.

1855, November 5, G. D. R. Boyd | Canyonville, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
A friend of Boyd’s named Canyon writes to Bush updating him on an odd story involving “a crazy man by the name of Parkinson” who is soliciting subscriptions for the Oregonian newspaper. Boyd describes activities in the Graves Creek area regarding “wars and rumors of wars.”

1855, November 10, George L. Curry | Portland, Oregon Territory
Curry updates Bush on the appointment of Dr. Danforth as Assistant Surgeon instead of Dr. McKeeney.

1855, November 12, John C. McCraken | Salem, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about several court cases won by Counselor Terry and discusses Thomas McFatten, Sam Clark and the local Indian War. There is also a description of Ex Governor Gaines’ newspaper the Advocate which was recently closed.

1856, November 13, James M. Pyle | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush with payment for County Order Blanks and is in high spirits over the California vote. 

1855, November 15, John C. McCraken | Salem, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about printing some tickets for a ball. McCraken warns Bush about some rival newspapers and comments on those who volunteer for service and those who volunteer as officers.

1855, November 15, Butler P. Anderson | Metropolitan Hotel
Anderson writes Bush to enclose his first correspondence and apologizes for it being a short letter.

1855, November 15, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon Territory |Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about payment for E. Elliott’s subscription to the Oregon Statesman and cancelling the delivery to Mr. Keiney.

1855, November 15, J.W. Drew | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Drew writes Bush about the election of officers and his disappointment over so many Know Nothings becoming Captains.

1855, November 18, Jesse A. Applegate | Umpqua County, Oregon Territory
Applegate writes Bush to defend Louis, who is of Klickitat and French descent, against charges of “base treachery” a serious act of deception. He describes Louis’ military service in wars with nearby tribes and compares the attack against him to the “fanatics in the days of Salem witchcraft”. 

1855, November 20, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes to tell Bush about local politics and the Deer Creek conflict, mostly dealing with individual officer appointments and concerns about taking local militiamen too far away from their homes.

1855, December 19, Butler P. Anderson | Washington, D.C.
Anderson writes Bush about debates in the U.S. House of Representatives.


1856 Letters

1856, January 2, Matthew P. Deady | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on in travels around the state and gossip between their acquaintances and local politicians.

1856, January 5, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about office lamps and mentions the December 29, 1855 burning of the Oregon State Capitol. “Some of “us” are glad the Capitol is burned because it is to our “Intrusts.” I am sorry because I regard it a Public loss . . .”

1856, January 9, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush that he sent four bundles of paper and describes news about the various steamers traveling to Portland and Astoria.

1856, January 21, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about local and national politics. Mentions a rumor that the Oregon Statehouse was burned “by an incendiary in the interest of Corvallis”.

1856, February 19, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush to compliment him on recent changes to the appearance of the newspaper. Dearborn mentions that the local tribes are at a standstill and few settlers want to volunteer to serve under the current commanding officers.

1856, February 20, Stephen F. Chadwick
Chadwick writes Bush about the appointment of Carter as Receiver over Lawson.

1856, February 22, Matthew P. Deady letter to Boise Rueben | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Boise to update him on the ongoing Territorial war in the north, and to complain about Oregonian political intrigue. In particular complains about the hostage-taking political tactics of Jackson County which repeatedly threaten to secede from the state if their demands aren’t followed.

1856, February 27, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush about advertising the dates, times and places where Smith will be speaking. Smith lists a variety of locations throughout Marion and Linn Counties.

1856, March 1, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush about local concerns of increased property taxes if Oregon becomes a state. Norris asks Bush to see if he can get the territorial auditor’s books to help project expenses.

1856, March 4, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to talk about Territorial and national politics. Mentions his support for Franklin Pierce for the Democratic nomination for President in 1856.

1856, March 16, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon Territory | Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes a cryptic letter to Bush citing an article on the “massacre of Ben Right”.

1856, March 21, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush with comments on a court case involving a sexual assault, Delazon Smith and Leland. McCraken also mentions the activities of several people known to Bush.

1856, March 23, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush with a bill related to the P.C. Advocate.

1856, March 24, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on militia officers’ appointments and congratulates him on having a “wee Bush”, his first child Estelle (1856-1942).

1856, March 28, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush with “starling intelligence” that Indians have attacked Cascades, now Cascades Locks. It is estimated that the attack was carried out by 300-800 Indians who burnt all the houses and the Steamer “Mary”. Everyone trapped in the Block House was also killed and people in this area are streaming to Portland for protection. Volunteers are on their way to Cascades on the Steamer “Jennie Clark.”

1856, April 6, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about some financial matters.

1856, April 9, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush and mentions the Rogue River War is quiet and comments on election returns.

1856, April 12, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon Territory
Barnhart writes Bush about notable travelers on the Steamer Columbia. Barnhart comments that public sentiment in California regarding the Yakima Indian War has changed.

1856, April 14, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about John Vallely’s subscription to the Oregon Statesman and Avery Stile who does not support the creation of a state government.

1856, April 19, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon Territory | Private
Bristow writes Bush to share information on the “Know Nothing” party, and how to weaken them in the legislature.

1856, April 23, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush to apologize for his joke about the Barkwell matter which Bush took too seriously. Dearborn notes that “people out here are too damned picayune to support a state.

1856, April 25, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about a receipt for McDerbin and the appointment of Mr. Zieber by county Democrats.

1856, April 30, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush with little news.

1856, May 1, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon Territory | Head Quarters Yakima Indian War
Barnhart writes Bush that there isn’t any news and asks him to publish the writing of Repper in the Oregon Statesman.

1856, May 7, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to comment on State politics, which is split on the issue of the war and General Lane. Deady updates Bush on mutual friends and assures him that his support hasn’t been hurt much by publishing something Deady refers to as the “Lane Litany”.

1856, May 11, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on the war, commenting on the large cost in terms of equipment and morale issues.

1856, May 15, G. D. R. Boyd | Empire City, Coos County, Oregon Territory
Boyd writes to Bush as he waits at the Oregon coast for a ship to San Francisco. Boyd describes the stories of various political appointments.

1856 June 3, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush that Cornelius, Dryer and Brown will probably be elected.

1856, June 20, George L. Curry | Portland, Oregon Territory
Curry writes Bush a hurried letter about Curry’s conversations with Prescott in Oregon City.

1856, June 27, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush with a letter for the Oregon Statesman discussing the Linn County elections. Smith comments on writing two articles for the newspaper. One would detail his political career and present the truth to the people in response to false information from Thomas J. Dryer and Leland.

1856, July 2, Matthew P. Deady | Winchester, Oregon Territory
Deady writes to Bush to tell him about a wedding and a mutual friend in Corvallis.

1856, July 5, Matthew P. Deady | On Board Steamer
Deady writes Bush some notes “jotted down on the head of a whiskey cask”.

1856, July 14, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about his bill and several loans. There is also some discussion about billing for Oregon Statesman subscriptions.

1856, July 26, Stephen F. Chadwick | Private
Chadwick writes Bush to discuss the start of the Rogue River War in Southern Oregon and asks if he can have a column in the newspaper to publish his perspective.

1856, August 7, Reuben P. Boise | Dallas, Oregon Territory
Boise writes Bush about him hiring a girl for $3 per week.

1856, August 18, George L. Curry | Washington
Curry writes Bush to discuss Rogue River War claims and a letter from Judge Williams.

1856, September 20, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush enclosing notes he took on a meeting in Portland about the sale of government property.

1856, August 21, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush that cash sent through the mail did not arrive. The Statutes arrived safely and there continue to be “Indian disturbances.”

1856, November 17, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush respond to Bush considering selling the Oregon Statesman, suggesting which of their friends would be able to run it. He then updates Bush on local court cases as well as mutual friends.

1856, December 18, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to update him on local political rumors and the activities of mutual friends, referring to their political group as “the Clique”. Briefly talks about his fears about fair weather Democrats if James Buchanan wins the Presidency.


1857 Letters

1857, January 2, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about the sale of his carriage to Dr. Wonnu. There is some discussion about James O’Meara who Bush calls a “squirt.”

1857, January 14, James M. Pyle | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush to print 150 “Ball Tickets”. Pyle encourages Bush to adjust the cost of printing for the fundraiser and invites Bush to attend. 

1857, February 2, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush that California has exceeded its constitutional level of indebtedness and created an opportunity to make money by purchasing depreciated state bonds for later redemption.

1857, February 9, Matthew P. Deady | Eugene, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to discuss some political rumors about the Salem Clique. In particular, a few mutual acquaintances accuse them of political fixing and publishing false statements in the Oregon Statesman. Deady is also shocked by a rumor that Bush is an abolitionist.

1857, March 13, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush regarding newspaper business.

1857, March 15, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush with more correspondence for the Oregon Statesman. Linn County residents are interested in nominating Smith for Congress rather than having General Lane serve a 4th term. Smith asks for Bush’s opinion.

1857, March 25, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush from Albany to cheer for a Lane’s nomination.

1857, March 27, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to discuss their political strategy and Lane’s nomination by Oregon Democrats. Deady presided over a local convention where Lane was nominated.

1857, April 1, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about paying off his Territorial tax.

1857, April 2, Stephen F. Chadwick | Deer Creek, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes Bush to introduce James M. Pyle who is visiting Salem as a delegate to the Oregon Constitutional Convention.

1857, April 2, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about publishing an advertisement and the difficulties with Bush’s campaign for State Printer.

1857, April 4, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon Territory
Bristow writes Bush about subscription payments for Michael Shelley, James L. Lyon and William Bridgewater who lives in Carthage Illinois.

1857, April 11, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush about “our Democratic friend” David Powell who is a delegate to the Territorial Convention.

1857, May 12, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane sends Bush $700 and little news.

1857, May 14, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about paying the balance of a note from John Baker for school lands.

1857, May 16, Patrick Malone | Sacramento City, California
Malone writes Bush about an add Bush placed in a San Francisco newspaper for a pressman and compositor. Malone requests a job at the Convention for Brother Rik who works in the Union office.

1857, May 19, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush to request the printing of 800 tickets and mentions candidates canvassing the area.

1857, June 23, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush that he received three dollars from Mr. W. K. Stark to pay for a yearlong subscription to the Oregon Statesman.

1857, July 12, James M. Pyle | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush about printing an estray notice and mentions local printing news.

1857, July 14, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush about the Salem Clique behaving in a way “unbecoming the rulers and leaders of a grave and earnest people.” After discussing some mutual acquaintances, he complains about General Lane arguing for slavery in Oregon.

1857, July 18, Delazon Smith | At Home
Smith writes Bush about the outcome of legislative bills that Smith submitted to the House of Representatives for Hiram Smith and the Common School fund. Smith includes a Private note about newspaper publishers in the Willamette Valley.

1857, August 20, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush that Colonel Isaac N. Ebey was killed by the Indians.

1857, August 24, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush about several newspaper subscriptions and comments that Deady’s views on African Americans may “run him into the ground.”

1857, September 4, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane sends Bush $6 for advertising the estate of Isaac Foster. Lane is sick with hog distemper.

1857, September 21, Stephen F. Chadwick
Chadwick writes Bush asking him to remind La Fayette Grover to sign Chadwick’s name on the Oregon Constitution since he is out of town.

1857, October 30, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush admonishes Bush for bad bookkeeping and tells him to hire an accountant.

1857, December 29, Stephen F. Chadwick | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes Bush to introduce Richard Smith who is visiting Salem on business.


1858 Letters

1858, January 9, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush a cryptic letter about the “condition of the place” and “if you did back out of the sale of the Statesman.” Norris asks Bush to write him a letter of recommendation to Joseph Lane.

1858, January 21, George L. Curry | Oregon City, Oregon Territory
Curry asks Bush to send his message to the Assembly on to the Auditor’s Office.

1858, January 22, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California | Private
Pratt writes Bush to get an act passed “providing for payment of the judgment interest and costs obtained against the Territory in the winter of 1855 in favor of Joaquin Young” which is owed Pratt.

1858, January 27, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to make some suggestions for nominations in the spring, to express his support for Bush winning Territorial Printer, and to argue for Kansas’ right to come into the Union as a slave state.

1858, February 17, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about calling the Democrats together for a county convention and attending to McCune’s appointment as Notary Public.

1858, February 20, George H. Williams | Portland, Oregon Territory
Williams writes Bush about various political activities in Portland involving Avery, O’Meara and Farrar, and Ross and Hersh.

1858, February 21, George H. Williams | Portland, Oregon Territory
Williams writes Bush to get copies of the resolutions passed at the Democrat’s national convention in Philadelphia. Williams plans to use the resolutions in an upcoming speech and wants to “defend the Salem platform.”

1858, March 1, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon Territory
Applegate writes Bush with three dollars for the past due account of John Long.

1858, March 7, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to complain about Stephen A. Douglas and his supporters in the Democratic Party. Deady is worried about losing his next race for Judge and shares some local political gossip.

1858, March 9, James M. Pyle | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes Bush to discuss Bush’s campaign for State Printer. Pyle describes significant opposition to Bush’s candidacy and feels his loss in the election would be a significant blow to the Democrats.

1858, March 17, Matthew P. Deady | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to ask him to visit the south and to update Deady on his race for Judge.

1858, March 22, Richard H. Dearborn | Deer Creek, Oregon Territory
Dearborn writes Bush that the Land office at Winchester has created disaffection for Bush and the Salem Clique in Bush’s campaign for State Printer.

1858, March 23, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about a $30 payment from Torrence and Lounsdale who wants to settle his loan debt with a town lot. McCraken mentions John S. McIneeny’s story and the birth of McCraken’s son.

1858, March 27, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush that his “appointment has arrived” and he would like to travel south to gather information on the mail service. Norris notes that the political atmosphere is cool and that Thomas J. Dryer, editor of the Oregonian, is “getting desperate.”

1858, April 7, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about a newspaper subscription for William P. Crow Starrs.

1859, April 28, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon | Private Letter
Applegate writes Bush to discuss how Bush presented the Republican proceedings in a recent edition of the Oregon Statesman. He comments rather cryptically on the Stephen Douglas and the upcoming Democratic Convention in Charleston, South Carolina on April 23, 1860.

1858, May 7, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to tell him about positive reactions to Bush’s campaign for Territorial Printer and updates him on the other elections around the territory.

1858, May 9, La Fayette Grover | Lebanon, Oregon Territory
Grover writes Bush about Delazon Smith’s encounter with a Republican candidate for Judge Condon.

1858, May 15, Edward S. Kearney | Jacksonville, Oregon Territory
Kearney writes Bush about the election for Territorial Printer. Bush angered some voters by publishing three letters against the 1855 Rogue River War. Kearney is optimistic about Bush’s chances overall.

1858, May 16, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane sends Bush $160 and has little news but is politically optimistic.

1858, May 19, Stephen F. Chadwick | Umpqua County, Oregon Territory | Private
Chadwick writes Bush with an update on Chadwick’s efforts to have Bush elected Oregon Territorial Printer.

1858, May 25, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane sends Bush $2 for publishing estray notices, requests some B. R. Tickets and mentions several local candidates.

1858, May 27, Stephen F. Chadwick | Winchester, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes Bush to update him on the campaign for Oregon Territorial Printer.

1858, May 29, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon Territory
Norris writes Bush comments on the politics surrounding Bush’s candidacy for Territorial Printer. Bush was elected Territorial Printer in June 1858 and held the position until 1864.

1858, June 8, James M. Pyle | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle sends Bush $24 from Judge Williams for multiple subscriptions to the Oregon Statesman.

1858, June 9, Delazon Smith | Albany, Oregon Territory
Smith writes Bush about a trip into town to see the election results from every precinct but some vote counts were unavailable.

1858, June 11, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon Territory
Deady writes Bush to tell him he thinks Bush won the election for Territorial Printer.

1858, June 21, William W. Bristow | Lane County, Oregon Territory
Bristow writes to Bush about a successful political rally and claims to have been slandered by his political opponents.

1858, July 13, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush about publishing two notices of death for Anderson’s brother John. Anderson comments that Bush should run on the ticket with Joseph Lane.

1858, July 14, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush about the failure of the U.S. House of Representatives to act on the Senate bill admitting Oregon to the Union. Pratt comments on people flooding out of California heading north to the gold mines.

1858, July 31, Delazon Smith | At Home | Private
Smith writes Bush with letter for the Oregon Statesman and describes frustrations with Oregon not being admitted to Union.

1858, August 1, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane updates Bush on several debts and recommending a mutual friend for Post Master.

1858, August 1, Delazon Smith
Smith writes Bush about providing space in the Oregon Statesman to solicit the names of people to receive copies of public documents once Smith is in Washington D.C.

1858, August 5, Delazon Smith | At Home | For the Statesman
Smith writes Bush with detailed comments on Bush’s editorial on the territorial government and statehood.

1858, August 14, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about purchasing paper from Alex Orr & Company in New York through his business partner Richards.

1858, August 18, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush for a copy of the Oregon State Constitution to inform clients and others of its provisions.

1858, August 20, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes William J. Beggs to encourage him to take a job working for Bush on the Oregon Statesman.

1858, August 31, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about a bill for paper and General Clark who “whenever he sees a petticoat he watches it until out of sight.”

1858, September 8, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, to update him on Pyle’s life and Roseburg news.

1858, September 22, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about some payments from Page and Drew.

1858, October 8, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about bills for paper and a new stern wheel steamer.

1858, October 30, La Fayette Grover | Panama
Grover writes Bush about taking care of Delazon Smith, during an illness, on a stopover in Panama. Grover was on the way to Washington, D.C. and New York to see the President and others.

1858, November 15, La Fayette Grover | New York City, New York | Private
Grover writes Bush about his arrival in New York, visiting with William S. Ladd in Panama and various people he has visited.

1858, November 23, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Round Prairie
Pyle writes to William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, to tell him that he has taken a land claim in Round Prairie and is becoming a farmer.

1858, November 30, Delazon Smith | Washington D.C. | Private
Smith writes Bush to let him know that after visiting the President James Buchanan, Cabinet members and Senators Smith feels that Oregon will soon be admitted to the Union. Smith tries to mend the strained relationship between General Land and Bush and comments that the Secretary of War approves the payment of Indian War Claims. Smith notes that if Oregon is not admitted to the Union he will be completely bankrupt.

1858, December 4, La Fayette Grover | New York City, New York | Private
Grover writes Bush about the various people he has visited and observes, “I do not think the north will oppose our admission as a state, except in case of extreme men of the abolition school.”

1858, December 8, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush about plans to start a newspaper in the Washington Territory. Anderson asks Bush for a loan and comments on a conversation with General Litton.


1859 Letters

1859, January 3, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush in response to an earlier letter and recommends a new printer who is “white.”

1859, January 14, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush about progress in setting up his own newspaper. Anderson mentions a printing press Bush offered to sell him and his estimation of when he can start publication.

1859, January 16, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about paying down a debt.

1859, January 17, La Fayette Grover | Washington, D.C.
Grover writes to inform Bush that Oregon had not yet been admitted as a state, and accidentally slighting Colonel Kinney while in Victoria.

1859, January 18, La Fayette Grover | Washington, D.C.
Grover writes Bush about E. Hibben who General Lane hired as editor of the Times newspaper in Portland. Grover encourages Bush to move the Oregon Statesman to Portland and become a “grand Portland paper”.

1859, January 31, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about a loan to Benjamin Stark who is using his property in Keeping Block 41 as collateral. McCraken notes that Thomas J. “Dryer is out” but does not elaborate on what the editor of the Oregonian is not longer involved with.

1859, February 1, Delazon Smith | Washington, D.C.
Smith writes Bush to discuss how General Lane was correct about Oregon being admitted to the Union much faster if the state laws had replaced the Territorial Government.

1859, February 2, Delazon Smith | Washington, D.C.
Smith writes Bush about more opposition to Oregon’s statehood than he anticipated. Smith blames a lack of support for statehood on Bush publishing low population numbers in the Oregon Statesman. Smith goes on to detail the politics of the statehood vote, outlines the list of appointments for political positions in Oregon and makes a case for working the General Lane.

1859, February 5, George H. Williams | Portland, Oregon Territory
Williams writes Bush to encourage him to keep the Oregon Statesman in Salem rather than moving the newspaper to Portland. William feels that Bush has more influence in Marion and Linn counties from Salem and is concerned that another paper, “not of the right stripe”, might fill the void. William comments on Delazon Smith being “tickled to death with the idea of being Senator.”

1859, February 6, George H. Williams to the Honorable S.S. Douglas | Salem, Oregon Territory
Williams writes the Honorable S.S. Douglas to introduce him to Asahel Bush during his visit to Washington, D.C.

1859, February 8, George H. Williams | Portland, Oregon Territory
Williams writes Bush about selling a Salem property to Mr. Shepard for $1,200. Shepard’s loan payments to Williams would be paid over the next 18 months. Williams would like to sell Shepard’s loan to Bush so he has the cash from the property sale immediately.

1859, February 10, George H. Williams | Portland, Oregon Territory
Williams writes Bush about an article in the Union where Joseph Lane insists the population of Oregon is 91,000.

1859, February 11, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon Territory
McCraken writes Bush about the loan to Benjamin Stark and securing lots 3 and 6 in Keeping Block 41 as collateral.

1859, February 15, J.W. Drew | Corvallis, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about seeing Nathaniel Lane during a trip to Albany. After getting drunk, Lane says he “weeps nights” over the controversy between the Oregon Statesman and Lanes’ father, Joseph Lane.

1859, February 16, Butler P. Anderson | Port Townsend, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to explain in detail the division in his local Council over the office of Printer. General Miller is taking over the council by getting men who owed him money elected and using their loyalty to dictate policy.

1859, February 17, La Fayette Grover | Washington, D.C. | Private
Grover writes Bush that General Lane was not the reason Oregon was not granted statehood at the last session of Congress. Grover also describes various politicians’ support for General Lane.

1859, February 21, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about a newspaper subscription payment from Joseph Lane.

1859, February 23, George H. Williams | Portland, Oregon | Private
Williams writes Bush about Thomas J. Dryer’s charge that Carter of the Times is part of the Know Nothing Party. Williams describes the activities of various political and legal activities in Portland. He mentions several county campaigns and Lounsdale’s lawsuit against Chapman and Coffin regarding land claims outside the Portland city limits.

1859, March 3, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow sends Bush a letter from Joseph Lane and mentions the election of Delazon Smith and La Fayette Grover.

1859, March 5, La Fayette Grover | Washington, D.C.
Grover writes Bush describing the settlement of Indian War debt and funds for establishing U. S. Courts in Oregon. Congress approved $100,000 for a road from Walla Walla, Washington to “Upper Minni” which will become the principal migration route to Oregon and Washington. Grover describes his unexpected friendship with Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia.

1859, March 8, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush about his difficulties raising money for his newspaper. Anderson also mentions that the Democrats are particularly weak in his area and controlled by a small minority, and that he is “too poor to fight patronage and have no chance to expose inequity.”

1859, March 22, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about financial matters with Benjamin Stark and William S. Ladd. McCraken mentions that Major Previtt is in Portland and will travel to Salem as soon as Governor Whitaker contacts him.

1859, April 3, Matthew P. Deady | Fairoaks, Douglas County, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about legal issues relating to Territorial Judges and a bit about the Winchester Convention.

1859, April 11, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush with a detailed description of the politics of the 1859 Oregon Democratic Convention.

1859, May 7, J.W. Drew | Eugene City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about widespread support for Delazon Smith’s candidacy and La Fayette Grover’s chances of being elected.

1859, May 12, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush explaining why he isn’t moving back to Oregon, since Anderson thinks the Washington Territory “will not always be ridden by humbugs and gasbags.”

1859, May 17, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about four pairs of blinds that he sent Bush and a conversation with Nathaniel Lane about Bush when Lane was “slightly inebriated.”

1859, May 20, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about 2 pairs of blinds and Benjamin Stark’s failure to make an interest payment.

1859, June 1, William H. Barnhart | Salem, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush stating that Barnhart’s comments about Delazon Smith weren’t an exaggeration. Bush’s reply is attached to the original letter.

1859, June 18, William H. Barnhart | Excerpt from Major Barnhart’s speech Delivered at Salem
Barnhart uses the opening of his speech to address criticisms levied by General Lane and Delazon Smith.

1859, June 18, J.W. Drew | Eugene City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about elections in Jackson and Josephine Counties and the 1860 Democratic ticket in Oregon. Joseph Teal has purchased $800 worth of goods from Meyer & Co. in Portland using Bush’s “Indian script.”

1859, June 21, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon | Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about a parade for Joseph Lane and Delazon Smith that drew an embarrassingly hushed crowd. This letter was published in the July 5, 1859 edition of the Oregon Statesman.

1859 June 29, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon
Norris writes Bush that Joseph Lane and his supporters, who are backing the candidacy of Lansing Stout, are trying to get people to cancel their subscriptions to the Oregon Statesman. These actions against the Oregon Statesman may have involved the question of slavery.

1859, July 4, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon
Norris writes Bush that Lansing Stout will be elected and that at a recent dinner Vansyckle was against Bush.

1859, July 11, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about collecting payment from George Cole, Benjamin Stark’s interest payment and a newspaper subscription from James O’Meara. McCraken comments that “Judge Deady is here.”

1859, July 12, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon
Norris writes Bush a cryptic and colorful letter about Mike Mulligan, Charley Pickett and Fitch and Shipley. Norris questions Bush sending checks to Joseph and tells Bush he has given a letter of introduction to Ned Norton.

1859, July 24, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about receiving payments from George Cole and Benjamin Stark.

1859, August 15, J.W. Drew | Umpqua City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about state politics regarding the election of delegates to the 1860 Democratic convention in Charleston, South Carolina. Drew discusses script claims and the firearms stored at the Court House.

1859, August 18, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush to discuss the possible resignation of Joseph Lane. Bristow advocates apportioning convention representatives the same way the State Legislative Assembly apportions their members.

1859, August 29, J.W. Drew | Umpqua City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about electing Democrats to state offices and efforts to “remove the Indians” from the Umpqua area. 

1859, September 20, J.W. Drew | Umpqua City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush regarding a paid advertisement in the Oregon Statesman for Dr. Quinan.

1859, September 23, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about loaning money on good security.

1859, October 4, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about the various mortgages on Benjamin Stark’s property. McCraken mentions a dog that he purchased from Connoyer and how Bush should take care of him.

1859, October 10, J.W. Drew to William J. Beggs | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes William J. Beggs, assistant editor of the Oregon Statesman, about politics in various Oregon counties and the Umpqua area.

1859, October 12, James M. Pyle | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes Bush with a letter by L.B. Coon seeking loans from mutual friends to buy the Siskiyou Chronicle newspaper.

1859, October 18, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about the cost of travel to the Eugene City Convention and the closing of the Umpqua Indian Agency.

1859, October 25, J.W. Drew | Umpqua City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about various delegates attending the Eugene City Convention in Eugene on November 16, 1859 and questionable payments to Malone.

1859, October 28, Stephen F. Chadwick to Beggs? | Eugene City, Oregon Territory
Chadwick writes William J. Beggs, Assistant Editor or the Oregon Statesman, discussing the “foreign vote.”

1859, November 6, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about trying to get payment from Benjamin Stark and George Cole. McCraken asks Bush for a loan to help pay for bills related to the completion of McCraken’s house.

1859, November 15, J.W. Drew | Scottsburg, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about not attending the Eugene City Convention. He mentions support for Stephen A. Douglas for President at the Empire City Convention from Umpqua, Coos, Curry and Josephine counties.

1859, November 17, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush to inform him about the county’s Democratic convention and legislative successes. Bristow also comments on a surveying contract to S. Therrin.

1859, November 25, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about a loan agreement and a payment from George Cole. McCraken lists several subscription payments and mentions a “skirmish in Court with inkstands” between Page and Douthitt.

1859, December 2, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about several subscriptions and advertisements.

1859, December 7, Richard H. Dearborn | Roseburg, Oregon
Dearborn writes Bush to apologize for his “hasty and ungentlemanly letter of October 29, 1859”. Dearborn describes his feelings about an announcement he sent for the Oregon Statesman which Bush may not have published.

1859, December 20, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about recording a mortgage and trying to get payment from George Cole.

1859, December 24, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about political factions among Oregon’s Democrats.

1859, December 28, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon Territory
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, about delays in receiving the Oregon Statesman through the Oakland, Oregon post office.


1860 Letters

1860, January 1, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon | Private Letter
Barnhart writes Bush, using the pen name “The Major”, to submit an editorial called “Dennis & the Ry”. Barnhart says he can’t publicly write for the Oregon Statesman because of his current position and indicates that one of the characters in his editorial is Reed of Jacksonville.

1860, January 1, Stephen F. Chadwick | Roseburg, Douglas County, Oregon
Chadwick writes Bush asking if there is any way to get the “platform of principles” from the Democrat’s Cincinnati Platform “before the people.”

1860, January 2, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about an address change when sending Mrs. F. A. Drovin’s Oregon Statesman to Philadelphia.

1860, January 3, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush that he received payment from Lewis on the Hay & Lewis note.

1860, January 3, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about Democratic candidates around the state and Drew’s “streak of bad luck”.

1860, January 16, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush assuring him that the post masters at Scottsburg and Oakland are not delaying the delivery of the Oregon Statesman on purpose. Drew details J. B. Sykes, the “new Indian Agent’s” dislike of Bush, presidential hopeful Stephen A. Douglas and the Oregon Statesman.

1860, January 26, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes to Bush laying out the structure of local political factions from the Nesmith to the Delazonians.

1860, February to April, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | Original Letter Undated
Applegate writes Bush about having La Fayette Grover to run for Senator and David Logan to run for the House of Representatives. The letter mentions the February 23 Senate debate and the Democratic Convention which was held in Charleston, South Carolina on April 23, 1860. Applegate signs the letter Incognito.

1860, February to April, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | page 2-6 | Original Letter Undated
Applegate writes Bush with a history of the debates on slavery and secession, from the Compromise of 1850 to the Territorial Legislature passing a bill to abolish slavery in Kansas on February 23, 1860. Applegate signs the letter Incognito.

1860-1861, Attributed to Jesse A. Applegate | page 2 only | Original Letter Undated
Applegate writes Bush about Applegate’s opposition to slavery and his hope that Oregon with remain a free state. Senator Albert G. Brown, referenced in this letter, withdrew from office on January 12, 1861. Applegate signs the letter Incognito.

1860, February 2, Stephen F. Chadwick | Locust Grove, Umpqua County, Oregon | Private
Chadwick writes Bush concerning a Letter to the Editor, published January 10, 1860, which criticized the Scottsburg post office for delaying newspapers.

1860, February 3, Shubrick Norris | Portland, Oregon
Norris writes Bush with an advertisement for Ladd, Reid & Company which may have been omitted from the newspaper. Norris suggests Bush “employ someone to attend to the business Department, and not be continually making these mistakes.”

1860, February 5, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to correct his count of the Democratic membership of the legislature and other political comments.

1860, February 5, Edward S. Kearney
Kearney briefly updates Bush on his about a few local Democrats and mutual acquaintances.

1860 February 11, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about Benjamin Stark’s loan and collateral. McCraken mentions a man named Dennis, with the nickname Jim, “who came out on the ship with us”.

1860, February 11, Edward S. Kearney | Portland, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush a paragraph about travelling before his boat leaves.

1860, February 12, James M. Pyle
Pyle writes Bush about the upcoming election with Walton for Clerk, Fullerton for Sheriff and Remick Cowles for Representative on the Democratic ticket.

1860, February 15, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush about a subscription to the Oregon Statesman for Blasingim Rutledge.

1860, February 18, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush to tell him about mutual friends he has seen in Vancouver.

1860, February 20, J.W. Drew to William J. Beggs | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes William J. Beggs, assistant editor of the Oregon Statesman, about the impact to Oregon politics should Stephen A. Douglas be nominated for President.

1860, February 23, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon| Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about local political gossip and subscriptions to the Oregon Statesman.

1860, February 26, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon | Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about a subscription to the Oregon Statesman for Charles McClure.

1860, February 29, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about working with Spencer and trying to get payment from Benjamin Stark.

1860, February 29, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, about supporting La Fayette Grover at the upcoming Convention. Pyle has taken a land claim with an 11 x 13 house on it.

1860, March 1, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to tell him about his appointment to United States District Attorney for Washington Territory, the candidates for Territorial Delegate and his continuing trouble starting a newspaper.

1860, March 1, Edward S. Kearney | Roseburg, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush about loaning $2,000 to David McLoughlin since Kearney is unable to make the loan. Kearney will write soon about events in Douglas County.

1860, March 3, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about paying Spencer and receiving payment from Benjamin Stark. “Pritchard has just given me a prescription for your dog, equal quantities of gunpowder sulphur and tar melted and given when cool.”

1860, March 6, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to about Selucius Garfielde and to discuss his future political plans in the Washington Territory. Anderson shares his plan to defeat dishonest candidates in the primary by preventing “Indian agents, P.M.’s, Deputy U.S. Surveyors & such” from representing any county at the convention.

1860, March 6, William H. Barnhart | San Francisco, California
Barnhart writes Bush to update him about General Lane’s efforts to have Nesmith’s account suspended.

1860, March 7, Edward S. Kearney | Roseburg, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush with a thorough report about the political situation in Douglas County and the decline of the Lane faction.

1860, March 11, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush speculating on the Eugene City Convention and to ask Bush for his thoughts on “the action proposed to be taken relative to the coming of June election” (sic).

1860, March 14, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about loaning Mr. Simmons $500 dollars for six months and vouches for him.

1860, March 15, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon| Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about “Block” [Brock?] being the Presidential Elector and still making up his mind on the slavery issue for Oregon.

1860, March 17, William W. Bristow | Eugene City, Oregon
Bristow writes to Bush to update him on Brock who is a candidate for Presidential Elector and the resignation of Senator A. B. Florence.

1860, March 20, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about J. B. Skyes, Indian Agent, being instructed by Geary and Land to remove the “Indians from Fort Umpqua (where they have resided peaceably since the first settlement of the country.).” This relocation violates an 1855 treaty and Drew predicts “military force will be required”.

1860, March 25, Edward S. Kearney | Jacksonville, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush about Delazon Smith and Colonel Nesmith as well as the dry weather.

1860, March 27, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush vouching for Mr. Simmons and Mr. Scovil who have signed a note for $500.

1860, April 8, J.W. Drew to William J. Beggs | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes William J. Beggs, assistant editor of the Oregon Statesman, about the efforts of Burns to convene County Conventions in Coos and Umpqua counties. Drew also describes breaking up a questionable political meeting in J. B. Sykes office and paying locals for their votes.

1860, April 9, J.W. Drew
Drew writes Bush with brief comments on local politics and to send a bill for advertising to Dr. Quinan who became the Assistant Surgeon on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco, California. This Army fort began receiving soldier-convicts in the early 1860s and became a military prison in 1907.

1860, April 9, Edward S. Kearney | Jacksonville, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush about the loan to David McLoughlin, delegates heading to Eugene and the elections in Josephine County.

1860, April 19, W. William Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon | Letter to the Editor
Bristow writes Bush about the Oregon Democratic Convention mixing the political ticket.

1860, April 19, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about lack of payments from D. A. Brown, Hall and Previtt.

1860, April 21, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about a loan to Hay & Gruder which would be secured with land. William S. Ladd will write to Bush about a draft that was received. McCraken asks Bush not to mention “this affair with Russel” until after the facts are presented next week.

1860, April 25, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush to tell him about Russell, and to advise him about Nesmith’s political battles.

1860, April 29, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush to detail Colonel Shirls’s debate with David Logan at Stewart’s Theatre. The event was hosted by the Lane Society.

1860, May 2, J.W. Drew & Riley Evans Stratton | Roseburg, Oregon
Stratton writes Bush regarding local politics and Matthew Deady’s retreat from influencing the election. Drew adds a note about Deady’s departure and speculates on the outcome of the Democratic Convention in Charleston, South Carolina.

1860, May 9, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush about various political speakers in Oregon.

1860, May 16, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about a recent precinct meeting and that if there are no mishaps “we shall win.”

1860, May 17, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about extending the payments on a loan due the next day.

1860, May 18, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about the nomination of William Tichenor for State Senator and includes a list of those currently in government positions which “we have collected in this little precinct.”

1860, May 19, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about an unpaid bill for an advertisement.

1860, May 19, Edward S. Kearney | San Francisco, California
Kearney writes Bush about Joseph Lane being “clear out of the ring” as a presidential candidate. Kearney encourages Bush to do what he can to get Nesmith elector a U.S. Senator.

1860, May 21, J.W. Drew
Drew writes Bush about Stephen A. Douglas’ nomination at the Democratic Convention in Charleston, South Carolina and mentions several state candidates.

May 22, William H. Barnhart, Oregon City, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush regarding meeting Vic Trevitt. Barnhart discusses strategies for “balancing the Democratic Ticket” for the upcoming convention in South Carolina.

1860, May 24, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about the note and mortgage that furniture makers, Hurgren and Shindler, are prepared to take up. McCraken mentions Geary, a 4 hour speech by Delazon Smith and Thomas J. Dryer, editor of the Oregonian.

1860, May 25, William W. Bristow | Eugene City, Oregon
Bristow tells Bush about the death of Colonel William M. Stevens while trying to rope a wild horse. Bristow mentions the elections and “Should you and your friends fail to beat Lane & Smith even though you break the quorum or elect republicans, you shall have our eternal condemnation”.

1860, May 28, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about renegotiating his outstanding loan.

1860, May 30, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush with the note from furniture makers, Hurgren and Shindler and information on the Hay & Graden loan. McCraken asks Bush “why did you haul down your name from the flag-staff of the [Oregon]Statesman?”

1860, May 31, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, about county candidates and having the honor of firing the first gun “under the shadow of General Lane’s dwelling at Winchester.”

1860, June 2, Butler P. Anderson | Portland, Oregon
Anderson writes Bush to relay his optimism about the Democratic ticket in Washington, and discusses Selucius Garfielde as a congressional nominee. Anderson chides Bush for placing a “Domestic Items” column in the Oregon Statesman.

1860, June 4, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush with the election results for the precinct.

1860, June 7, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, with the results from the recent election. Walton, Fullerton and Cowles were all elected though other Democratic candidates were defeated.

1860, June 10, Benjamin F. Harding
Harding writes Bush discussing some options if La Fayette Grover is a candidate.

1860, June 14, J.W. Drew | Oakland, Oregon
Drew writes Bush a detailed description of the election of J. B. Tichenor in Coos County and Martin in Curry County as well as other state races.

1860, June 18, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, that Colonel Hooker is leaving “for your country.” Pyle comments on his hopes that Nesmith and Williams will be Oregon’s Senators and that the Republican National Convention has nominated “David” Lincoln as their presidential candidate.

1860, June 19, Edward S. Kearney | Washington City
Kearney writes Bush about the candidacy of Stephen A. Douglas and voting on the Tariff and War bills.

1860, June 21, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon
Bristow writes Bush requesting he publish a letter to James F. Gazley after Bush rewrites it. Bristow is questioning the Constitutionality of the Seat of Government Bill.

1860, June 21, William W. Bristow to Senator Jason F. Gazley |Lane County, Oregon | Letter to the Editor
Bristow sarcastically responds to accusations by Oregon Senator James F. Gazley point by point.

1860, June 27, George L. Curry | At Home
Curry writes Bush about an address change when sending Mrs. F. A. Drovin’s Oregon Statesman to Philadelphia.

1860, July 16, Nathaniel H. Lane | Corvallis, Oregon Territory
Lane writes Bush about the difficulties paying his loan. Lane is closing one of his stores and is only accepting cash sales.

1860, July 20, Edward S. Kearney | New York City, New York
Kearney writes Bush about Lane’s ongoing campaign and Lane’s attempts to beat Douglass for the Democratic ticket. Kearney is pessimistic about his chances.

1860, July 20, Edward S. Kearney | New York City, New York
Kearney writes Bush about paying off a loan.

1860, July 23, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about a mortgage for Sloan and trying to get payment from Benjamin Stark.

1860, July 23, James M. Pyle | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes Bush with a false statement from James F. Gazley that he had more votes that Lane. Out of 1,000 votes cast, Gazley only received 275 votes. Pyle includes a newspaper clipping of the Canyonville precincts dated July 7, 1860.

1860, August 1, J.W. Drew | Eugene City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about Oregon Democrat’s perspectives on the candidacy of Stephen A. Douglas for President.

1860, August 3, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about the mortgage to Sloan and trying to get payment from Benjamin Stark. McCraken makes note of Bush’s purchase of Reverend Leslie’s 100 acre farmstead with “Am glad to hear that you have bought the “parsonage.”

1860, August 4, J.W. Drew | Eugene City, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about support for Stephen A. Douglas for President and talks with political allies.

1860, August 11, Douglas and Nesmith to Bush | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush to follow up on some gossip and inform Barnhart about the upcoming state election.

1860, August 16, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, about Beggs being an elector. Pyle discusses local support for Stephen A. Douglas for President and his troubles with Matthew Deady, over a Clerkship appointment, though they remain friends.

1860, August 28, Edward S. Kearney | Jacksonville, Oregon
Kearney writes Bush about William G. T’Vault’s debt and drinking and Thomas Pyle’s speeches abusing Bush.

1860, August 30, James M. Pyle to William J. Beggs | Roseburg, Oregon
Pyle writes William J. Beggs, of the Oregon Statesman, about an upcoming county Convention and following the Presidential election which includes General Joseph Lane on the Breckenridge-Lane ticket.

1860, October 4, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush to about the Democratic victory in the state. Aside from the election, Barnhart provides an overview of current Portland and Dallas politics as well as travelers leaving for Salem.

1860, November 15, Nathaniel H. Lane | Steamer Onward
Lane writes Bush to say to send his note to A. J. Thayer in Corvallis.

1860, November 20, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush with word of Lincoln’s victory for President over Stephen A. Douglas and predicts the South “will bluster and threaten a great deal, but do nothing”.

1860, December 11, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about various bills and mentions the Humason matter.

1860, December 11, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about business matters with Benjamin Stark, the note of Shelley’s, the Humason note and Halkenburg. McCraken encourages Bush to ship anything from the East through Richards & McCraken.

1860, December 27, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon

1860, December 29, George L. Curry | Portland, Oregon
Curry writes Bush about a printing bill and an address change for his copy of the Oregon Statesman.


1861 Letters 

1861, January 15, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about a loan to Robbins and that Victor Trevitt is seeking a loan for $5,000.

1861, January 28, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush about his plans for traveling to San Francisco where he will meet up with Bush.

1861, February 10, Butler P. Anderson | Olympia, Washington Territory
Anderson writes Bush to thank him for defending his friend Smith in the Oregon Statesman who is on trial for murder in California. Anderson criticizes Bush and the Oregon Statesman for its pro-Union politics since Lincoln was elected.

1861, February 20, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about a loan to Besser with 2/5 of the lower sawmill property as collateral.

1861, February 25, J.W. Drew | Fort Umpqua, Oregon
Drew writes Bush to share news about mutual friends.

1861, March 2, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about some business matters.


1862 Letters 

1862, April 15, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about various loans deals that are pending.

1862, August 7, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about some “Hangins” and a story about Nesmith trying to figure out who wrote an article in the Albany Enquirer newspaper.

1862, October 25, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to send him a book and a correspondence for the paper.

1862, November 29, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to discuss some errors in the Territory’s legal code and about his legal cases.

1862, December 12, William W. Bristow | Pleasant Hill, Oregon | Private
Bristow writes to Bush about local gossip and the difficulty of rebuilding the Democratic party during/after the war.


1863 Letters

1863, January 2, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him about a rival named Holbrook who is trying to get rid of many of the Federal appointees in Oregon with no real success.

1863, January 10, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him about an awkward meeting with another judge and a court case where the defendant claimed he was being targeted because he was a Democrat

1863, January 20, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to ask for help indexing Oregon’s legal codes.

1863, January 22, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about paying a Dr. Hawthorne in gold rather than paper money.

1863, February 6, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to update him about progress on the Oregon legal code index and local events.

1863, February 12, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to stop publishing his letters under an alias and the activities of Judge Shafer.

1863, February 18, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to discuss mutual friends and feuds between Bush and friend’s of Deady which he wants settled. Deady also complains about the illegibility of Bush’s handwriting.

1863, March 2, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him he finished the Oregon legal code index and to agree with a friend that the Emancipation Proclamation will make little difference poor blacks.

1863, March 4, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him about conversations regarding the Oregonian newspaper leaning Republican and a local education issue.

1863, March 13, Matthew P. Deady
Deady writes Bush for a job writing for the Oregon Statesman since he is prohibited from practicing law and has “forgotten the welding art”.

1863, March 17, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about finding out about Deady’s brother Joseph.

1863, April 18, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about the Oregonian newspaper, Portland political gossip, and a Salem town council meeting.

1863, May 17, Jesse A. Applegate | Yoncalla, Oregon, Oregon Territory
Applegate lets Bush know that Senator Nesmith’s letter has been returned and Nesmith will be unhappy with Applegate and Bush over the way the letter was edited for publication. Bush also sends Applegate a copy of Nesmith’s speech who responds with a story about a stolen letter published in the Mountaineer.

1863, July 27, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to discuss Eugenia’s serious illness and how much Bush’s wife should be told. Deady also mentions his dislike for M, a “mean cowardly sneaking plebeian demagogue”.

1863, July 30, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush to tell him that he is sending lemons and limes for his wife Eugenia’s health and includes Deady’s recipe for a citric acid based lemonade.

1863, August 17, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about various business matters including “I saw the Governor today he says he will receive his salary at the end of the month and will then be able to meet that note.” McCraken is sorry to hear that Mrs. Bush is ill.

1863, November 1, Benjamin F. Harding | San Francisco, California
Harding writes Bush about his efforts to leave Oregon and the Oregon Statesman.

1863, November 9, John C. McCraken | Portland, Oregon
McCraken writes Bush about the Stark loan and that William S. Ladd is offering some of Stark’s Front Street property at low price. McCraken mentions that “we have a new boy.”


Post-1863 Letters

1885, August 21, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush about General James W. Nesmith’s last days and comments on visiting the Bush home in June 1884.

1887, January 1, La Fayette Grover | Portland, Oregon
Grover writes Bush to thank him for allowing him to pay off a loan with a piece of property in Portland.

1887, January 7, La Fayette Grover | Portland, Oregon
Grover writes Bush with a description of the property he is transferring to Bush to cover a loan balance.

1887, March 17, Orville C. Pratt | San Francisco, California
Pratt writes Bush about just learning that Bush was instrumental in the University of Oregon conferring an honorary law degree on Pratt.

1888, July 8, Benjamin F. Harding | Cottage Grove, Lane County, Oregon
Harding writes Bush about a personal loan and mutual friends.

1888, September 1, Benjamin F. Harding | Cottage Grove, Lane County, Oregon
Harding writes Bush to congratulate him on having his own home.

1889, January 10, Benjamin F. Harding | Cottage Grove, Lane County, Oregon
Harding writes Bush about the success of Bush’s bank, and his health.

1889, April 21, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush and reminisces about the “the war of rebellion” which Deady prefers over Civil War. Deady encourages Bush to attend the celebration in Portland on the 30th and ends saying, “You are the only one left above ground. Please come.”

1889, 04-29, Matthew P. Deady | Portland, Oregon
Deady writes Bush about correspondence to the Oregon Statesman from 1861-1862. Deady thanks Bush for “thawing out” their friendship after 29 years.

1893, March 24, William H. Barnhart | Portland, Oregon
Barnhart writes Bush and insults “your dilapidated friend” N.B. Whitfield. Barnhart mentions the death of Matthew Deady will put a case in front of Billings.

1908, May 25, George H. Williams | Portland, Oregon
Williams writes Bush that he is coming to Salem on the 30th and will stay overnight.

1909, November 26, La Fayette Grover | Portland, Oregon
Grover writes Bush to thank him for sending a 12 pound turkey via Wells Fargo Express for Thanksgiving.

1914, April 23, William H. Odell to A.N. Bush | Portland, Oregon
A.N. Bush, son of Asahel Bush, wrote William H. Odell who married Samuel Thurston’s widow, Elizabeth, in 1855. Odell responds to A.N. Bush’s inquiry about Elizabeth Odell’s Autobiography of Samuel Thurston which was written for Hubert Howe Bancroft but not published in book form. Odell directs A.N. Bush to the files of the Oregon Statesman for the “fullest statements” on the life of Thurston.